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Lorenzo Maggiorelli

Resumen

El fuerte aumento en el gasto de cooperación para el desarrollo de China es particularmente relevante para América Latina y el Caribe (ALC). Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la evolución y las perspectivas de la ayuda exterior china a ALC, y se divide en tres partes: la primera presenta una visión conjunta de la evolución de la ayuda de China a ALC, dividida en seis fases históricas que responden a los cambios políticos, y las demandas estratégicas y económicas del país asiático; en la segunda, se presentan los datos empíricos relacionados con la Asistencia Oficial al Desarrollo, junto con el análisis de sus Otros Flujos Oficiales; la tercera sección proporciona una visión general de los beneficios potenciales para la región que se derivan de la relación con China. Concluimos que es muy probable que la ayuda, otros flujos oficiales y el comercio bilateral de China a América Latina y el Caribe proporcionarán un crecimiento a corto y mediano plazo para la región; no obstante, aunque China se presenta como un aliado a largo plazo, existen dudas sobre la sostenibilidad del crecimiento a futuro, debido a la dependencia de la región de los recursos naturales.

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Keywords

Cooperación internacional, ayuda china, cooperación Sur-Sur, donantes emergentes.

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Cómo citar
Maggiorelli, L. (2020). Ayuda China y otros flujos oficiales hacia América Latina y el Caribe. Papel Político, 24(2). https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.papo24-2.acfo
Sección
Dossier de China, editado por: Bruno De Conti, University of Campinas
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