Publicado dic 3, 2020


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Joakim Kreutz



¿Qué componentes de los procesos de desarme, desmovilización y reintegración (DDR) son claves para asegurar la paz tras una guerra civil? Aunque prácticamente todos los procesos de paz en el mundo incluyen algún tipo de programa de DDR para ayudar a los excombatientes a convertirse en civiles después de una guerra civil, las razones por las cuales son exitosos en unos casos y no en otros son poco conocidas. Centrándose en tres factores abordados habitualmente por estos procesos ⸻oportunidades políticas, judiciales y económicas para los excombatientes más allá de las ofrecidas en la sociedad en general⸻, este estudio analiza cinco casos en los que la paz prevaleció durante más de una década, y cinco más donde no fue este el caso. El análisis revela la importancia de un equilibrio entre lo ofrecido a los excombatientes y el dividendo de paz para la sociedad en su conjunto, y señala que garantizar el acceso político de los antiguos grupos beligerantes es menos exitoso que permitirles competir en el proceso electoral.

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Cómo citar
Kreutz, J. (2020). ¿Voz, derechos, o dinero en efectivo? ¿Qué factores determinan el éxito de los procesos de DDR?. Papel Político, 25.
Dossier Especial Sobre Procesos de DDR, editado por: Pedro Valenzuela