Descentralización y gestión ambiental en América Latina: Un análisis de las publicaciones académicas

Patricia Carrillo, Antònia Casellas

Resumen


La descentralización de la gestión ambiental implica la transferencia de poder y responsabilidades a nivel local. Aunque existen revisiones bibliográficas sobre descentralización y medio ambiente, hay un vacío para el caso específico de Latinoamérica.  Utilizando la técnica del Systematic Quantitative Literature Review los patrones en la literatura revelan desequilibrios territoriales y temáticos en el análisis, con una mayoría de estudios centrados en Bolivia y Brasil, concentración de investigaciones en descentralización de la gestión forestal, dominio de los académicos del ámbito anglosajón y valoraciones dispares en los resultados dependiendo del país analizado y el enfoque disciplinar.


Palabras clave


Descentralización, gestión ambiental, gobernanza, revisión de literatura

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