The Predictive and Moderating role of Psychological Flexibility in the Development of Job Burnout

Francisco J. Ruiz, Paula Odriozola-González

Resumen


Recent research has found that psychological flexibility, the key construct
of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) model of mental
health and behavioral effectiveness, is related to, and longitudinally
predicts, a wide range of work-related outcomes. Less research, however,
has been dedicated to explore the role of psychological flexibility as
a protecting factor for the development of burnout syndrome. The
current study examined whether: (a) general psychological flexibility and
work-related psychological flexibility accounted for additional variance
in burnout symptoms relative to work factors and other work-related
constructs such as work engagement, work satisfaction, and psychological
empowerment; and (b) work-related psychological flexibility moderated
the relationship between exhaustion and cynicism. A cross-sectional
study was conducted with 209 Spanish workers from different companies
who completed questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest.
Hierarchical regression analyses showed that psychological flexibility and
work-related psychological flexibility accounted for additional variance in
burnout symptoms. The moderator analysis showed that the relationship
between exhaustion and cynicism was higher among participants with low
levels of work-related psychological flexibility as compared to participants
with high levels. These results suggest that interventions aiming to
increase psychological flexibility might prevent the development of
burnout syndrome.

Palabras clave


psychological flexibility; job burnout; acceptance and commitment therapy; emotional exhaustion; cynicism

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-4.pmrp

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Copyright (c) 2017 Francisco J. Ruiz, Paula Odriozola-González

Licencia de Creative Commons: Esta obra está registrada bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional. Creado a partir de http://revistas.javeriana.edu.co/.