Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Modulate the Recognition of Facial Emotion

Natália Mendes Ferrer da Rosa, Vinícius Ferreira Borges, Leonardo Cheffer, Nelson Torro Alves, Célio Estanislau

Resumen


Previous studies have shown that depression and anxiety are associated
to changes in the recognition of facial expression. In the present
research, a non-clinical sample was evaluated with respect to trait
and state anxiety and depression symptoms. In the experimental task,
participants evaluated facial expressions of happiness, anger, sadness, and
fear, presented at four intensities (25, 50, 75, and 100%), as well as the
neutral face. Results showed that the trait anxiety was associated with a
better recognition of anger, fear, and happiness. For depression, we only
found differences between groups for emotional attribution to neutral
faces, in which participants scoring high in depression were more likely
to attribute fear to neutral faces. Findings indicate an improvement of
the recognition of happiness, anger, and fear in trait anxiety, whereas
symptoms of depression and state anxiety were associated to changes in
the evaluation of neutral faces in non-clinical individuals.

Palabras clave


anxiety; depression; facial expression; emotion

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-4.sadm

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Copyright (c) 2017 Natália Mendes Ferrer da Rosa, Vinícius Ferreira Borges, Leonardo Cheffer, Nelson Torro Alves, Célio Estanislau

Licencia de Creative Commons: Esta obra está registrada bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional. Creado a partir de http://revistas.javeriana.edu.co/.