##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##


Carolina Leonidas

Manoel Antônio Santos

Resumen

La finalidad fue investigar los significados emocionales atribuidos a trastornos alimentarios (TA) en las narrativas de mujeres con esas condiciones psicopatológicas. Los participantes fueron pacientes en un servicio brasileño especializado en TA. Fue utilizada entrevista semiestructurada para la recolecta de datos. El reclutamiento continuó hasta alcanzar la saturación de los datos. La transcripción literal de las entrevistas fue analizada mediante el análisis temático de contenido por dos investigadores. Los resultados mostraron que, tras TA, los participantes empezaron a vivir sentimientos de desesperanza, ansiedad y solitud, relacionados al autoestima inferior y aislamiento social. La dinámica familiar fue caracterizada como de confrontación más, aun así, fue considerada la principal red de apoyo social de los participantes. Esos datos subrayaron que los significados emocionales atribuidos a los TA deben ser tratados y explorados por profesionales de la salud para alcanzar una comprensión detallada sobre las experiencias de enfermedad de los pacientes.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

trastornos de la conducta alimentaria, narrativas, familia, mujeres

References
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Abreu, N. & Filho, R. C. (2004). Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: a psychotherapeutic cognitive-constructivist approach. Archives of Clinical Psychiatry, 31(4), 177-183.

Björk, B., & Ahlström, G. (2008). The patient´s perception of having recovered from an eating disorder. Health Care for Women International, 29(8-9), 926-944.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Bullock, K. (2004). Family social support. In P. J. Bomar (Ed.), Promoting health in families: Applying research and theory to nursing practice (pp. 141-161). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Brusset, B. (2003). Introdução geral. In B. Brusset, C. Couvreur, & A. Fine (Orgs.), A bulimia (p. 7-13). São Paulo: Escuta.

Bryant-Waugh, R., & Lask, B. (1995). Eating disorders: An overview. Journal of Family Therapy, 17(1), 13-30.

Cassin, S. E., & Von Ranson, K. M. (2005). Personality and eating disorders: A decade in review. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(7), 895-916.

Cooper, M. J., Deepak, K., Grocutt, E., & Bailey, E. (2007). The experience of ‘feeling fat’ in women with anorexia nervosa, dieting and non-dieting women: An exploratory study. European Eating Disorders Review, 15(5), 366-372.

Dallos, R., & Denford, S. (2008). A qualitative exploration of relationship and attachment themes in families with an eating disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 13(2), 305-322.

Dimitropoulos, G., Carter, J., Schachter, R., & Woodside, D. B. (2008). Predictors of family functioning in carers of individuals with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41(8), 739-747.

Frosthlom, L., Fink, P., Christensen, K. S., Toft, T., Ornbol, E., Olesen, F., & Weinman, J. (2005). The patients’ illness perceptions and the use of primary health care. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(6), 997-1005.

Granato, T. M., & Aiello-Vaisberg, T. M. J. (2013). Interactive narratives about infant care and its affective-emotional meanings. Psicologia Clínica, 25(1), 17-35.

Guest, G., Bunce, A., & Johnson, L. (2006). How many interviews are enough?: An experiment with data saturation and variability. Field Methods, 18(1), 59-82.

Hoskins, M. L. (2000). Living research: the experience of researching self, other, and discourse. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 13(1), 47-66.

Karpowicz, E., Skärsäter, I., & Nevonen, L. (2009). Self-esteem in patients treated for anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 18(5), 318-325.

Kaye, W. (2008). Neurobiology of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Physiology & Behavior, 94(1), 121-135.

Kluck, A. S. (2008). Family factors in the development of disordered eating: Integrating dynamic and behavioral explanations. Eating Behaviors, 9(4), 471-483.

Lane, R. C. (2002). Anorexia, masochism, self-mutilation, and autoerotism: The spider mother. Psychoanalitic Review, 89(1), 101-123.

Lavall, E., Olschowsky, A., & Kantorski, L. P. (2009). Avaliação de família: rede de apoio social na atenção em saúde mental. Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem, 30(2), 198-205.

Leonidas, C., & Santos, M. A. (2012). Body image and food habits in anorexia nervosa: an integrative review of the literature. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 23(3), 550-558.

Leonidas, C., & Santos, M. A. (2013). Bulimia nervosa: a link between emotional aspects and social support network. Psicologia: Teoria e Prática, 15(2), 62-75.

Leonidas, C., & Santos, M. A. (2014). Social support networks and eating disorders: An integrative review of the literature. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 10, 915-927.

Leonidas, C., & Santos, M. A. (2015). Affective and family relations of women with anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 31(2), 181-191.

Limbert, C. (2010). Perceptions of social support and eating disorder characteristics. Health Care for Women International, 31(2), 170-187.

Marcos, Y. Q., & Cantero, M. C. T. (2009). Assessment of social support dimensions in patients with eating disorders. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12(1), 226-235.

Maykut, P., & Morehouse, R. (1994). Beggining qualitative research: A philosophic and practical guide. Londres: Farmer Press Teacher´s Library.

Nilsson, K., Sundbom, E., & Häglöf, B. (2008). A longitudinal study of perfectionism in adolescent onset anorexia nervosa, restricting type. European Eating Disorders Review, 16(5), 386-394.

Rodríguez, M. B., Hernández, A. P., & Bouly, R. P. (2000). Anorexia nerviosa: Características y síntomas. Revista Cubana de Pediatria, 72(4), 300-305.

Shea, M.E., & Pritchard, M.E. (2007). Is Self-Esteem the Primary Predictor of Disordered Eating? Personality and Individual Differences, 42(8), 1527-1537.

Shomaker, L. B., & Furman, W. (2009). Interpersonal influences on late adolescent girls´ and boys´ disordered eating. Eating Behaviors, 10(2), 97-106.

Soenens, B., Vamsteenkiste, M., Vandereycken, W., Luyten, P., Sierens, E., & Goossens, L. (2008). Perceived parental psychological control and eating-disordered symptoms: Maladaptative perfectionism as a possible intervening variable. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196(2), 144-152.

Stake, R. E. (2000). Case studies. In N. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (Eds.) Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 236-247). 2nd ed. California: Sage Publications.

Sweetingham, R., & Waller, G. (2008). Childhood experiences of being bullied and teased in the eating disorders. European Eating Disorders Review, 16(5), 401-407.

Tierney, S., & Fox, J. R. E. (2010). Living with the anorexic voice: A thematic analysis. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 83(3), 243-254.

Vindreau, C. (2003). Bulimia in psychiatric clinic. In B. Brusset, C. Couvreur, & A. Fine (Orgs.), La boulimie (p. 81-102). Presses Universitaires de France.

Yean, C., Benau, E. M., Dakanalis, A., Hormes, J. M., Perone, J., & Timko C. A. (2013). The relationship of sex and sexual orientation on self-esteem, body shape satisfaction, and eating disorder symptomatology. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00887
Cómo citar
Leonidas, C., & Santos, M. (2017). Significados emocionales atribuidos a trastornos alimentarios: narrativas de mujeres con anorexia y bulimia nerviosa. Universitas Psychologica, 16(4), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-4.emae
Sección
Artículos
Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a