Publicado Dec 30, 2020



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Ángela María Henao Castaño

Angela Camila Baquero Lizarazo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2446-645X

Nathaly Gonzalez Pabon https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3486-7046

Gina Fernanda Burgos Tulcán https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2762-5660

Linamaria Lozano Gonzalez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3227-9152

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Resumen

Introducción. El delirium es una alteración cognitiva secundaria a una situación clínica aguda que puede estar presente en el paciente crítico, y la enfermería juega un rol protagónico en la prevención, monitoreo y tratamiento no farmacológico del delirium en el paciente en unidad de cuidado intensivo. Objetivo. Identificar las investigaciones actuales que describen las estrategias que utilizan las enfermeras para la monitorización del delirium en la unidad de cuidado intensivo adulto. Método. Revisión de alcance, utilizando la pregunta orientadora ¿qué estrategias utiliza enfermería en la monitorización del delirium en la unidad de cuidado intensivo?, estudios obtenidos en las bases de datos PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, Science Direct y Cochrane. Se realizó una revisión crítica con el instrumento CASPe, los datos se extrajeron, y se llevaron a cabo registros en tablas de gráficos elaboradas para condensar la información. Resultados. Trece estudios se consideraron relevantes y fueron analizados. Las estrategias de monitorización del delirium empleadas por enfermería son, principalmente, el juicio clínico, la observación de la agitación y, en menor medida, el empleo de instrumentos validados para la detección. Conclusión. La enfermería requiere comprender mejor el delirium, y para esto la educación es vital para mejorar su conocimiento, y aumentar la autoconfianza y competencia en la evaluación a través del uso correcto de instrumentos.

Keywords

Delirium, Cuidados Críticos, Enfermería.

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Cómo citar
Henao Castaño, Ángela M., Baquero Lizarazo, A. C., Gonzalez Pabon, N., Burgos Tulcán, G. F., & Lozano Gonzalez, L. (2020). Enfermería en la monitorización del delirium en cuidado intensivo adulto: una revisión de alcance. Investigación En Enfermería: Imagen Y Desarrollo, 22. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.ie22.emdc
Sección
Artículos de Revisión Integrativa o Sistemática