Publicado dic 30, 2021



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Ángela María Henao Castaño

Angie Vanessa Villamil Buitrago

Sebastián Marín Ramírez

Camila Andrea Cogollo Hernandez

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Resumen

Objetivo: identificar la evidencia disponible de las características del síndrome post unidad de cuidado intensivo en el paciente que egresa de la unidad de cuidado intensivo. Método: revisión de alcance con la metodología del Joanna Briggs Institut, en cinco bases de datos con la estrategia de búsqueda ([PostIntensive AND Care AND Syndrome] [Nursing AND Care AND PICS]). Se incluyeron estudios primarios publicados entre los años 2010 y 2020, disponibles en texto completo. Resultados: después del análisis de los 48 estudios primarios se extrajeron seis categorías temáticas así: aspecto cognitivo en el síndrome post UCI, osteomusculares, psicoemocionales, estrategias de prevención con modelos de sobrevivientes de UCI, síndrome post unidad cuidado intensivo en la familia y herramientas de evaluación. Conclusiones: mejorar la calidad de atención de los pacientes que presentan este síndrome, prevenir la aparición y aumentar la calidad de vida prestada a los sobrevivientes de UCI y sus familias. La evidencia reporta que entre los cuidadores se pueden desencadenar distintos trastornos que disminuyen su calidad de vida. La enfermería juega un papel crucial en la prevención de la aparición del síndrome mediante estrategias en la UCI e interdisciplinares; los planes de egreso y seguimiento a los pacientes pueden lograr que estos se rehabiliten más rápido y eviten discapacidades o secuelas a largo plazo.

Keywords

Postintensive Care Syndrome; Critical Care; Delirium; Critical IllnessSíndrome Pos-Cuidados Intensivos; Cuidados Críticos; Delirium; Enfermedad CríticaObjetivo: Identificar as evidências disponíveis sobre as características da síndrome da unidade de terapia intensiva no paciente que recebe alta da unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados Tripdatabase, Scopus, Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, Scielo e ScienceDirect, com a estratégia de busca ((Postintensive AND Care AND Syndrome) (Nursing AND care AND PICS) os critérios de inclusão: Estudos primários publicados entre 2010 e 2020, nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português disponíveis na íntegra Resultados: após a análise dos 48 estudos primários, foram extraídas 6 categorias temáticas: Estratégias de prevenção com modelos de Sobreviventes em UTI, Síndrome Unidade de Terapia Intensiva na Família, Aspectos Cognitivos na Síndrome Pós-UTI, Aspectos Osteomusculares na Síndrome Pós-UTI, Aspectos Psicoemocionais na Síndrome Pós-UTI e Instrumentos para Avaliação do PICS. Conclusões: Melhorar a qualidade da assistência aos pacientes com a Síndrome, previnem o seu aparecimento e aumentam a qualidade de vida proporcionada aos sobreviventes da UTI e seus familiares. relata que os cuidadores podem desencadear diversos transtornos que diminuem sua qualidade de vida. A enfermagem desempenha papel fundamental na prevenção do aparecimento da Síndrome por meio de estratégias em UTI e interdisciplinaridade; Os planos de alta e o acompanhamento do paciente podem ajudar o paciente a se reabilitar mais rapidamente e evitar deficiências ou sequelas em longo prazo.

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Cómo citar
Henao Castaño, Ángela M., Villamil Buitrago, A. V. ., Marín Ramírez, S. ., & Cogollo Hernandez, C. A. (2021). Características del síndrome post cuidado intensivo: revisión de alcance. Investigación En Enfermería: Imagen Y Desarrollo, 23. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.ie23.csci
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