Publicado Nov 14, 2017



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Laura Badenes-Ribera

Dolores Frias-Navarro

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Resumen

Resumen La “Práctica Basada en la Evidencia” exige que los profesionales valoren de forma crítica los resultados de las investigaciones psicológicas. Sin embargo, las interpretaciones incorrectas de los valores p de probabilidad son abundantes y repetitivas. Estas interpretaciones incorrectas afectan a las decisiones profesionales y ponen en riesgo la calidad de las intervenciones y la acumulación de un conocimiento científico válido. Identificar el tipo de falacia que subyace a las decisiones estadísticas es fundamental para abordar y planificar estrategias de educación estadística dirigidas a intervenir sobre las interpretaciones incorrectas. En consecuencia, el objetivo de este estudio es analizar la interpretación del valor p en estudiantes y profesores universitarios de Psicología. La muestra estuvo formada por 161 participantes (43 profesores y 118 estudiantes). La antigüedad media como profesor fue de 16.7 años (DT = 10.07). La edad media de los estudiantes fue de 21.59 (DT = 1.3). Los hallazgos sugieren que los estudiantes y profesores universitarios no conocen la interpretación correcta del valor p. La falacia de la probabilidad inversa presenta mayores problemas de comprensión. Además, se confunde la significación estadística y la significación práctica o clínica. Estos resultados destacan la necesidad de la educación estadística y re-educación estadística. Abstract The "Evidence Based Practice" requires professionals to critically assess the results of psychological research. However, incorrect interpretations of p values of probability are abundant and repetitive. These misconceptions affect professional decisions and compromise the quality of interventions and the accumulation of a valid scientific knowledge. Identifying the types of fallacies that underlying statistical decisions is fundamental for approaching and planning statistical education strategies designed to intervene in incorrect interpretations. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the interpretation of p value among college students of psychology and academic psychologist. The sample was composed of 161 participants (43 academic and 118 students). The mean number of years as academic was 16.7 (SD = 10.07). The mean age of college students was 21.59 years (SD = 1.3). The findings suggest that college students and academic do not know the correct interpretation of p values. The fallacy of the inverse probability presents major problems of comprehension. In addition, statistical significance and practical significance or clinical are confused. There is a need for statistical education and statistical re-education.

Keywords

Practica Basada en la Evidencia, interpretación errónea, valores p, educación estadísticaevidence-based practice, misconception, p value, statistical education

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Cómo citar
Badenes-Ribera, L., & Frias-Navarro, D. (2017). Falacias sobre el valor p compartidas por profesores y estudiantes universitarios. Universitas Psychologica, 16(3), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-3.fvcp
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