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David J. Weiss

Richard S. Jhon

Heather Rosoff

Thomas Baumert

Mikel Buesa

Javier González Gómez

Aurelia Valiño

Tal Shavit

Mosi Rosenboim

Resumen

Se realizaron dos experimentos bi-nacionales con respecto a las respuestas emocionales y conductuales a un plan terrorista contra vuelos comerciales, examinando ambas cosas: sentimientos y proyectos de acción. Los estudios emplearon escenarios hipotéticos en los que los terroristas atacaron los aviones con misiles disparados desde el hombro, ya que estaban aterrizando o despegando desde un aeropuerto internacional. Los escenarios fueron construidos alrededor de dos variables factoriales cruzadas, cada uno con tres niveles: (1) los anuncios o acciones del gobierno (2) norma social, expresada como la variación en la venta de billetes de avión. Cada encuestado leyó un cuestionario que contenía sólo uno de los nueve escenarios. El experimento 1 se realizó en España y California (n = 360, 50% mujeres), el experimento 2 en Israel y California (n = 504, 50% mujeres). En ambos estudios, el miedo y los planes de vuelo no fueron diferencialmente afectados por la respuesta gubernamental o la norma social. Las mujeres expresaron más miedo que los hombres. El experimento 1 examinó el propósito del viaje. La mayoría de los encuestados no cambiarían un vuelo planeado para asistir a la boda de un amigo cercano o para una importante entrevista de trabajo, pero un número considerable de participantes podrían posponer unas vacaciones o ir en coche a un lugar diferente. El experimento 2 contó con la escalada de los ataques. Estas aumentaron el temor y la cantidad de viajes cancelados. En ambos estudios, las respuestas fueron similares en todos los países a pesar de las diferencias nacionales y la experiencia directa con el terrorismo

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Keywords

respuesta emocional, datos nominales, acción proyectada, escenario, terrorismo

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Cómo citar
Weiss, D. J., Jhon, R. S., Rosoff, H., Baumert, T., Buesa, M., González Gómez, J., Valiño, A., Shavit, T., & Rosenboim, M. (2016). ¿Vale la pena el riesgo? Miedo inducido por el terrorismo a volar. Universitas Psychologica, 15(3), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy15-3.wrti
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