Publicado May 18, 2017



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Diana Carolina Cárdenas Poveda http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5065-8623

William Ruiz Gallo

Óscar Rodríguez-Angarita

Mayerli A. Prado-Rivera

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Resumen

El presente estudio evaluó si la escucha de música preferida por los participantes o la música relajante elegida por los investigadores previa al protocolo de estrés social modificado TSST (Trier Social Stress Test) afectaba el desempeño de las actividades realizadas durante el propio test, modulaba la respuesta de estrés que este induce, y en conjunto con el estresor, afectaba el desempeño en una tarea de atención en setenta y seis estudiantes universitarios asignados a uno de seis grupos: música relajante del investigador, música preferida por el participante y silencio, con o sin TSST. Los resultados mostraron que la escucha de ambos tipos de música provocó una pendiente ascendente menos pronunciada en los niveles de cortisol en saliva luego del TSST, comparada con la que presentaron quienes no escucharon música, mientras que el aumento en la ansiedad-estado evaluada con el IDARE (Inventario de Ansiedad Rasgo-Estado) fue semejante en todos los grupos. No se encontraron diferencias debidas a la música en el desempeño de las tareas evaluadas. Se discute que la modulación de la escucha de música, independiente de la preferencia musical, tiene un efecto sobre la respuesta fisiológica de estrés posiblemente por la inducción de reacciones emocionales que esta provoca

Keywords

salivary cortisol, TSST, listening to relaxing music, music preference, STAIcortisol en saliva, TSST, escucha de música relajante, preferencia musical, IDARE

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Cómo citar
Cárdenas Poveda, D. C., Ruiz Gallo, W., Rodríguez-Angarita, Óscar, & Prado-Rivera, M. A. (2017). La escucha de música antes del TSST regula los niveles de cortisol en saliva independiente de la preferencia musical en estudiantes universitarios. Universitas Psychologica, 15(5). https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy15-5.emrn
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