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José Antonio García-Arroyo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9905-1374

Amparo Osca Segovia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3210-689X

Resumen

Los cambios en el sistema educativo de Ecuador han contribuido a un aumento de la sobrecarga de trabajo de los docentes universitarios produciendo estrés y burnout. Este estudio analiza la relación entre la sobrecarga de trabajo, los estilos de afrontamiento y el agotamiento emocional en una muestra de 202 profesores universitarios mediante modelos de regresión jerárquica. Los resultados muestran que la sobrecarga de trabajo y el afrontamiento evasivo están positivamente relacionados con el agotamiento mientras que el afrontamiento activo está relacionado negativamente. Además, el afrontamiento evasivo modula la relación entre la sobrecarga y el agotamiento de forma que los docentes que emplean mucho afrontamiento evasivo en situaciones de elevada sobrecarga experimentan menos agotamiento. Finalmente se discuten las limitaciones del estudio y sus implicaciones teóricas y prácticas para los docentes universitarios en contextos latinoamericanos.

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Keywords

sobrecarga laboral, agotamiento emocional, afrontamiento activo, afrontamiento evasivo, docentes universitarios

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Cómo citar
García-Arroyo, J., & Osca Segovia, A. (2019). Sobrecarga de trabajo y agotamiento emocional en profesores universitarios: Efectos moderadores de los estilos de afrontamiento. Universitas Psychologica, 18(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-2.woee
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