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Ana Rodriguez-Meirinhos https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1073-8151

Lucía Antolín-Suárez https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7333-7569

Resumen

Este estudio persiguió analizar la estructura interna de la versión española del Cuestionario de Atribuciones-revisado (r-AQ-E) para evaluar el estigma social hacia la enfermedad mental en la adolescencia, así como investigar su relación con la edad, la familiaridad y el conocimiento sobre la enfermedad mental. La muestra estuvo constituida por 861 adolescentes de entre 12 y 16 años (M = 13.91; DE = 1.22). Los análisis factoriales exploratorios y confirmatorios no replicaron la estructura original del r-AQ-E, y revelaron una estructura unidimensional con cinco ítems y adecuada consistencia interna. Los resultados evidenciaron que los chicos mostraban más estigma que las chicas. En ambos casos, los niveles de estigma eran similares entre los 12 y 15 años, siendo inferiores a los 16 años. El estigma social se relacionaba con la familiaridad y el conocimiento sobre las características, la prevalencia y las causas de las enfermedades mentales. Estos resultados enfatizan la necesidad de implementar intervenciones para reducir el estigma mediante la mejora del conocimiento sobre la enfermedad mental y las oportunidades de contacto directo.

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Keywords

estigma, enfermedad mental, r-AQ, validez, conocimiento, familiaridad

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Cómo citar
Rodriguez-Meirinhos, A., & Antolín-Suárez, L. (2020). Estigma social hacia la enfermedad mental: factores relacionados y propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Atribuciones-revisado. Universitas Psychologica, 19, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy19.esem
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