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Sergio Vila-Tojo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8065-9881

Elena Andrade https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0927-7992

Jose-Manuel Sabucedo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3002-851X

Sara González-García https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2553-0863

María Teresa Moreira https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9354-3298

Gumersindo Feijoo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6231-3887

Resumen

Las intervenciones para promover conductas conservadoras del agua han seguido 3 tipos de estrategias: feedback, normas sociales y campañas de sensibilización. Esta revisión pretende evaluar las características metodológicas y valorar la eficacia alcanzada por estas estrategias. De una búsqueda sistemática de literatura, obtuvimos 31 artículos. En cada estrategia, analizamos 6 variables metodológicas esenciales, y calculamos el tamaño del efecto promedio. Encontramos ausencia destacada de grupo control y de medidas pre-post. El tamaño del efecto fue medio en las intervenciones de feedback y bajo en intervenciones basadas en normas sociales y campañas de sensibilización. Las intervenciones de feedback presentan mejores condiciones metodológicas. No obstante, se impone la necesidad de cuidar aspectos metodológicos esenciales, y de informar de estadísticos que permitan una estimación más fiable de la eficacia. Pese a ello, la tendencia de las tres estrategias es positiva, donde las intervenciones basadas en feedback son las de mayor efecto.

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Keywords

conservación del agua, feedback, normas sociales, campañas de sensibilización, características metodológicas

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Cómo citar
Vila-Tojo, S., Andrade, E., Sabucedo, J.-M., González-García, S., Moreira, M., & Feijoo, G. (2019). Revisión sobre las características metodológicas y la eficacia de intervenciones orientadas a reducir el consumo de agua. Universitas Psychologica, 18(5), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-5.rscm
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