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Paula Ascorra https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9449-8273

Francisca Álvarez-Figueroa https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1230-1906

Juan Pablo Queupil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7324-9275

Resumen

Diversas investigaciones han estudiado cómo la gestión escolar afecta los componentes cognitivos y no cognitivos de la vida de los estudiantes, pero poco se sabe sobre lo que hacen los administradores distritales cuando enfrentan problemas sobre clima escolar. Este estudio presenta una revisión comprensiva de la literatura sobre la participación distrital en el clima escolar, con énfasis en el constructo utilizado, métodos y derivaciones. Los resultados muestran cuatro dimensiones dominantes: comunidad, seguridad, riesgo, y rendimiento académico. Los administradores distritales están orientados tanto al bienestar de estudiantes como de profesores, con un enfoque especial en el estrés y agotamiento de estos últimos. La toma de decisiones informadas posee un impacto positivo en el rendimiento escolar, pero la rendición de cuentas involucrada puede contrarrestar los beneficios. Nuestra revisión confirma un necesario apoyo al liderazgo distrital para establecer metas y medir el progreso de estrategias exitosas para abordar problemas de clima escolar.

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Keywords

clima escolar, gestión, distrito escolar, revisión comprensiva

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Cómo citar
Ascorra, P., Álvarez-Figueroa, F., & Queupil, J. (2019). Gestión del clima escolar a nivel de distrito escolar: una revisión comprensiva de la literatura. Universitas Psychologica, 18(5), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-5.msci
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