##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##


Héctor E. Ramírez-Chaves https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2454-9482

Elkin A. Noguera-Urbano https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4391-4852

Darwin M. Morales-Martínez

Danny Zurc https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4830-281X

Andrés Felipe Vargas-Arboleda

Hugo Mantilla-Meluk https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8134-3694

Abstract

Colombia, with 209 species, is one of the richest countries in terms of bat diversity. This high bat diversity is comprised in nine families and 72 genera. A total of eight species of the families Emballonuridae (n = 1) and Phyllostomidae (n = 7) are listed as endemic to the country. In spite the relevance of Colombiain bat diversity, little is known of these endemic species which are mostly known from the type locality (n=4), whereas for others (n = 2), their taxonomic status is uncertain. Here, available information of endemic bats from Colombia is compiled, and new information on their distribution and conservation is provided. The most included species in publications including the original description (n = 15) was Lonchorhina marinkellei. The only distribution pattern observed for the species evaluated was for Carollia monohernandezi and Vampyressa sinchi that might overlap distributions in the eastern slopes of the Eastern Cordillera. Most endemic species are from the Andean and inter-Andean regions of the country (n = 6). At national level, there are no endemic species in any threatened category; however, at least one species (Lonchorhina marinkellei) is considered as Vulnerable (VU) and one (Saccopteryx antioquensis) as Endangered (EN) by the International Union forConservation of Nature-IUCN.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Andes, Emballonuridae, Phyllostomidae, South America, threaten category

References
Alberico M, Cadena A, Hernández-Camacho J, Muñoz-Saba Y. Mamíferos (Synapsida: Theria) de Colombia, Biota Colombiana, 1:43-75, 2000.
doi: 10.21068/bc.v1i1.56

Ascuntar-Osnas O, Montoya-Bustamante S, González-Chávez B. Registros de Streblidae (Diptera: Hippoboscoidea) en un fragmento de bosque seco tropical en Colombia, Biota Colombiana, 21: in press, 2020.
doi: 10.21068/c2020.v21n01a02

Brown JH. Macroecology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Chicago, USA. 1995.

Cadena A, Muñoz-Saba Y. Colección de mamíferos, p. 183-186, in: G. Andrade-C. and JD Lynch (eds), Los tipos nomenclaturales depositados en la colección zoológica del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Biblioteca José Jerónimo Triana 16, Bogotá, Colombia. 2007.

Castaño JH, Torres DA, Rojas Díaz V, Saavedra-Rodríguez CA, Pérez-Torres J. Mamíferos del departamento de Risaralda, Colombia. Biota Colombiana, 18:239-254, 2017.
doi: 10.21068/c2017.v18n02a16

Chapman AD. Principles and methods of data cleaning: Primary Species and Species-Occurrence Data, versión 1.0. Report for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen. 2005.
http://www.gbif.org/document/80528

Contreras Vega M, Cadena A. Una nueva especie del género Sturnira (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) de los Andes Colombianos, Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 24: 285-287, 2000.

Costa L, Leite YL, Da Fonseca GA, Da Fonseca MT. Biogeography of South American forest mammals: Endemism and diversity in the Atlantic forest, Biotropica, 32:872-881, 2000.
doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2000.tb00625.x

Cuartas-Calle CA, Muñoz-Arango J. Lista de los Mamíferos (Mammalia: Theria) del departamento de Antioquia, Colombia, Biota Colombiana, 4:65-78, 2003.
doi: 10.21068/bc.v4i1.124

Cuervo-Díaz A, Hernández Camacho J, Cadena A. Lista actualizada de los mamíferos de Colombia: Anotaciones sobre su distribución, Caldasia, 15:71-75, 1986.
doi:10.15446/caldasia

Delgadillo-Ordoñez NC, Díaz-Rodríguez JV, Cadena-Morgante V, Carrillo-Villamizar JZ, López-Arévalo HF. Catálogo de mamíferos de San José del Guaviare. Grupo estudiantil de conservación y manejo de la vida silvestre de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. 2018.

Fick SE, Hijmans RJ. WorldClim 2: new 1-km spatial resolution climate surfaces for global land areas, International Journal of Climatology, 37:4302-4315, 2017.
doi: 10.1002/joc.5086

Gardner AL. Mammals of South America. Volume 1: marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 2008a.

Gardner AL. Tribe Sturnirini. Subfamily Phyllostominae Gray, 1825, p. 363-376, in: AL Gardner (ed), Mammals of South America, Volume 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 2008b. Ramírez-Chaves et al. 2020 83

Goloboff PA. NONA. Versión 2.0. Instituto Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, Argentina. 1998.

Griffiths TA, Gardner AL. Subfamily Glossophaginae Bonaparte, 1845, p. 224-244, in: AL Gardner (ed), Mammals of South America, Volume 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 2008.

Handley Jr. CO, Ochoa GJ. New species of mammals from northern South America: A sword-nosed bat, genus Lonchorhina Tomes (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Memoria Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle, 57:71-82, 1997.

Hernández-Camacho J, Cadena-GA. Notas para la revisión del género Lonchorhina (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae), Caldasia, 12:199-251, 1978.
doi: 10.15446/caldasia

Hernández-Camacho J, Hurtado A, Ortiz R, Walschburger T. Centros de Endemismo en Colombia, in G. Halffter (ed), La diversidad biológica de Iberoamérica México, Acta Zoologica Mexicana, 175-203, 1992.

Hijmans RJ, Phillips S, Leathwick J, Elith, J. dismo: Species Distribution Modeling, versión 1.0.
http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=dismo

Hood C, Gardner AL. Family Emballonuridae Gervais, 1856, p. 188-207, in: AL Gardner (ed), Mammals of South America, Volume 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 2008.

Hoorn C, Wesselingh FP, Ter Steege H, Bermudez MA, Mora A, Sevink J, et al. Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity, Science, 330:927-931, 2010.
doi: 10.1126/science.1194585

IUCN. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria Versión 3.1 Second Edition, 2012.

Jarrín-V. P, Kunz TH. Taxonomic history of the genus Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) with insights into the challenges of morphological species delimitation, Acta Chiropterologica, 10:257-269, 2008.
doi: 10.3161/150811008X414836

Kier G, Kreft H, Lee TM, Jetz W, Ibisch PL, Nowicki C, et al. A global assessment of endemism and species richness across island and mainland regions, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106:9322-9327, 2009.
doi: 10.1073/pnas.0810306106

Lemke TO, Cadena A, Pine RH, Hernández-Camacho J. Notes on opossums, bats, and rodents new to the fauna of Colombia, Mammalia, 46:225-234, 1982.
doi: 10.1515/mamm.1982.46.2.225

Lim BK. Divergence times and origin of neotropical sheath-tailed bats (Tribe Diclidurini) in South America, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 45:777-791, 2007.
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2007.09.003

Lim BK. Adaptive radiation of neotropical emballonurid bats: Molecular phylogenetics and evolutionary patterns in behavior and morphology, p. 283-299, in: P Pontarotti (ed), Evolutionary Biology - Concepts, Molecular and Morphological Evolution Springer, 2010.
doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-12340-5_17

Mantilla-Meluk H, Jiménez-Ortega M, Baker RJ. Phyllostomid Bats of Colombia: Annotated Checklist, Distribution, and Biogeography, Special Publications Museum of Texas Tech University, 56:1-37, 2009.
doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.142854

Mantilla-Meluk H, Mosquera-Guerra N, Trujillo F, Pérez N, Velásquez-Valencia A, Vargas Perez A. Mamíferos del sector norte del Parque Nacional Natural Serranía de Chiribiquete, Revista Colombia Amazónica, 10:21-56, 2018.

Mantilla-Meluk H. Sturnira mistratensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T136591A22000285. (15 March 2018). 2015.

Mantilla-Meluk H, Baker RJ. New Species of Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Colombia, with Systematic remarks and notes on the distribution of the A. geoffroyi complex, Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University, 292:1-19, 2010.

Mantilla-Meluk H, Baker RJ. Systematics of Small Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Colombia, with description of a new species, Occasional Papers Museum Texas Tech University, 261:1-18, 2006.

Mantilla-Meluk H, Montenegro O. Nueva especie de Lonchorhina (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) de Chiribiquete, Guayana colombiana, Revista Biodiversidad Neotropical, 6:171-187, 2016.
doi: 10.18636/bioneotropical.v6i2.576

Mantilla-Meluk H, Ramírez-Chaves HE, Jiménez-Ortega AM, Rodríguez-Posada ME. Emballonurid bats from Colombia: Annotated checklist, distribution, and biogeography, Therya, 5:229-255, 2014a.

Mantilla-Meluk H, Siles L, Aguirre L. Amplitud geográfica y ecológica en el murciélago nectarívoro Anoura fistulata (Phyllostomidae: Glossophaginae), Caldasia, 36:373-388, 2014b.
doi: 10.15446/caldasia.v36n2.47494

Mantilla-Meluk H, Perez-Amaya N, Velazco PM.Morphometric Variation of the Genus Lonchorhina (Chiroptera, Lonchorhininae), with Noteworthy Comments on Taxonomy and Distributional Range Extensions, p. 149-168, in RD Bradley, HH Genoways, DJ Schmidly, LC Bradley (eds), From field to laboratory: a memorial volume in honor of Robert J. Baker Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 71, Texas, USA. 2019.

Marinkelle CJ. Biology of the trypanosomes of Bats, p. 175-216, in: DA Lumsden and WHR Evans (eds), Biology of the Kinetoplastida. Academic Press, London. 1976.

Mclellan LJ, Koopman KF. Subfamily Carolliinae Miller, 1924. p. 208-218, in: AL Gardner (ed), Mammals of South America, Volume 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 2008.

Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible. Resolución 1912. “Por la cual se establece el listado de las especies silvestres amenazadas de la diversidad biológica colombiana continental y marino costera que se encuentran en el territorio nacional, y se dictan otras disposiciones". Bogotá, Colombia. 2017.

Montenegro OL, Romero-Ruiz M. Murciélagos del sectos sur de la Serranía de Chiribiquete, Caquetá, Colombia, Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 23:641-649, 1999.

Morales-Martínez DM, López-Arévalo HF. Distribución y consevación de los murciélagos del género Lonchorhina (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) en Colombia, Caldasia, 40:369-375, 2018.
doi: 10.15446/caldasia.v40n2.70415

Moreno Mosquera EA. Papel de los murciélagos frugívoros como dispersores de semillas en la Reserva Forestal Natural de Yotoco, municipio de Yotoco, Colombia. Tesis de Maestría, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. 2011.
http://bdigital.unal.edu.co/4360/

Morrone JJ. On the identification of areas of endemism, Systematic Biology, 43:438-441, 1994.
doi: 10.1093/sysbio/43.3.438

Muñoz A, Mantilla H. Lonchorhina marinkellei. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red list of threatened species. Versión 2013.2. (9 February 2014). 2008.

Muñoz Arango J. Los Murciélagos de Colombia: sistemática, distribución, descripción, historia natural y ecología. Editorial Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia. 2001.

Muñoz J, Cuartas-Calle CA, Gonzalez M. Se describe una nueva especie de murciélago del género Carollia Gray, 1838 (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) de Colombia, Actualidades Biológicas, 26:80-90, 2004.
doi: 10.17533/udea.acbi

Muñoz J, Cuartas CA. Saccopteryx antioquensis n. sp. (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae) del Noroeste de Colombia, Actualidades Biológicas, 23:53-61, 2001.
doi: 10.17533/udea.acbi

Nihei SS. Misconceptions about parsimony analysis of endemicity, Journal of Biogeography, 33:2099-2106, 2006.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01619.x

Nixon KC. Winclada, Beta versión 1.0. Published by the author: LH Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 2000.

Noguera-Urbano EA, Escalante T. Áreas de endemismo de los mamíferos (Mammalia) neotropicales, Acta Biológica Colombiana, 20:47-65, 2015.
doi: 10.15446/abc.v20n3.46179

Olson DM, Dinerstein E, Wikramanayake ED, Burgess ND, Powell GVN, Underwood EC, et al. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth, BioScience, 51: 933, 2001.
doi: 10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2

Pacheco V, Cadenillas R, Salas E, Tello C. Diversidad y endemismo de los mamíferos del Perú, Revista Peruana de Biología, 16: 5-32, 2009.
doi: 10.15381/rpb.v16i1.111

Paglia AP, Da Fonseca GAB, Rylands AB, Herrmann G, Aguiar LMS, Chiarello AG, et al. Lista Anotada dos Mamíferos do Brasil / Annotated Checklist of Brazilian Mammals. 2° Edição, Occasional Papers in Conservation Biology, 6:1-76, 2012.

Pearson RG, Raxworthy CJ, Nakamura M, Townsend AP. Predicting species distributions from small numbers of occurrence records: a test case using cryptic geckos in Madagascar, Journal of Biogeography, 34: 102-117, 2007.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01594.x

Phillips SJ, Anderson RP, Dudík M, Schapire RE, Blair ME. Opening the black box: an open-source release of Maxent, Ecography, 40: 887-893, 2017.
doi: 10.1111/ecog.03049

Phillips SJ, Dudík M. Modeling of species distributions with Maxent: new extensions and a comprehensive evaluation, Ecography, 31:161-175, 2008.
doi: 10.1111/j.0906-7590.2008.5203.x

Pinilla-Buitrago GE, Escalante T, Gutiérrez-Velázquez A, Reyes-Castillo P, Rojas-Soto OR. Areas of endemism persist through time: A palaeoclimatic analysis in the Mexican Transition Zone, Journal of Biogeography, 45:952-961, 2018.
doi: 10.1111/jbi.13172

Proosdij AS, Sosef MS, Wieringa JJ, Raes N. Minimum required number of specimen records to develop accurate species distribution models, Ecography, 39:542-552, 2016.
doi: 10.1111/ecog.01509

R Core Team. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria: the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. http://www.R-project.org/. 2016.

Ramírez-Chaves HE. Especímenes tipo de mamíferos (Mammalia) depositados en la colección del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Acta Biológica Colombiana, 16:281-292, 2011.

Ramírez-Chaves H, Tavares V, Torres-Martinez M. Vampyressa melissa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T22839A22058315. (15 March 2018). 2015.

Ramírez-Chaves HE, Suárez-Castro AF, González-Maya JF. Cambios recientes a la lista de los mamíferos de Colombia, Mammalogy Notes, 3:1-20, 2016.

Ramírez-Chaves HE, Suárez Castro AF, Sociedad Colombiana De Mastozoología, Zurc D, Concha Osbahr DC, Trujillo A, Noguera Urbano E.A., et al. Mamíferos de Colombia. Versión 1.4. Sociedad Colombiana de Mastozoología.
doi: 10.15472/kl1whs

Rodríguez-Mahecha JV, Alberico M, Trujillo F, Jorgenson J. Libro Rojo de los Mamíferos de Colombia. Serie Libros Rojos de Especies Amenazadas de Colombia. Serie libros rojos de especies amenazadas de Colombia. Conservación Internacional Colombia y Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial, Bogotá, Colombia. 2006.

Rosen BR. From fossils to earth history: applied historical biogeography., p. 437-481, in: AA Myers and PS Giller (eds), Analytical biogeography: an integrated approach to the study of animal and plant distributions, Chapman and Hall, London and New York. 1988.

Simmons NB. Order Chiroptera, p. 312-529, in: DE Wilson and DM Reeder (eds), Mammals Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference 3a ed., Vol. 1, 2, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA. 2005.

Sociedad Colombiana de Mastozoología. Lista de referencia de especies de mamíferos de Colombia. Versión 1.2. Conjunto de datos/Lista de especies. (20 March 2018). 2017.

Solari S. Saccopteryx antioquensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. e.T136420A21985022. (30 April 2017). 2016a.

Solari S. Lonchorhina marinkellei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12272A22038923. (13 February 2018). 2016b.

Solari S. Anoura cadenai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T88109476A88109479. (17 May 2018). 2017.

Solari S, Muñoz-Saba Y, Rodríguez-Mahecha JV, Defler TR, Ramírez-Chaves HE, Trujillo F. Riqueza, endemismo y conservación de los mamíferos de Colombia, Mastozoología Neotropical, 20:301-365, 2013.

Stattersfield AJ, Crosby MJ, Long AJ, Wege DC. Endemic Bird Areas of the World. Endemic Bird Areas of the World. Priorities for biodiversity conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series 7. Cambridge: BirdLife International, UK. 1998.

Suárez-Castro AF, Ramírez-Chaves HE, Velazco PM. Lonchorhina marinkellei (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Mammalian Species, 49:76-80, 2017.
doi: 10.1093/mspecies/sex008

Tavares VDC, Gardner AL, Ramírez-Chaves HE, Velazco PM. Systematics of Vampyressa melissa Thomas, 1926 (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), with descriptions of two new species of Vampyressa, American Museum Novitates, 1926:1-26, 2014.

Thuiller W, Lavorel S, Araújo MB. Niche properties and geographical extent as predictors of species sensitivity to climate change, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14:347-357, 2005.
doi: 10.1111/j.1466-822X.2005.00162.x

Tirira DG. Presencia confirmada de Lonchophylla cadenai Woodman y Timm, 2006 (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) en Ecuador., p. 185-194, in: D Tirira and S Burneo (eds), Investigación y conservación sobre murciélagos en el Ecuador Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Fundación Mamíferos y Conservación y Asociación Ecuatoriana de Mastozoología, Ecuador. 2012.

Tirira DG. Mamíferos endémicos del Ecuador: Página en Internet. Versión 5.1. Editorial Murciélago Blanco y Fundación Mamíferos y Conservación. (15 March 2018). 2015.

Torres-Arboleda DA, Montoya-Marín M, Ibagón N, Castaño-Salazar JH. M2-¿Es el murciélago endémico Sturnira mistratensis una especie? Evidencia desde la morfometría geométrica., p. 433, in Asociación Colombiana de Zoología. Reconciliarte con la biodiversidad, un acto de paz. Libro de resúmenes. V Congreso Colombiano de Zoología. Asociación Colombiana de Zoología. Bogotán Colombia. 2019.

Williams SL, Genoways HH. Subfamily Phyllostominae Gray, 1825, p. 255-300, in: AL Gardner (ed), Mammals of South America, Volume 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 2008.

Zurc D, Velazco PM. Análisis morfológico y morfométrico de Carollia colombiana Cuartas et al. 2001 y C. monohernandezi Muñoz et al. 2004 (Phyllostomidae: Carollinae) en Colombia, Chiroptera Neotropical, 16:567-572, 2010.
How to Cite
Ramírez-Chaves, H., Noguera-Urbano, E., Morales-Martínez, D., Zurc, D., Vargas-Arboleda, A., & Mantilla-Meluk, H. (2020). Endemic bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of Colombia: State of knowledge, distribution, and conservation. Universitas Scientiarum, 25(1), 55-94. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.SC25-1.ebmc
Section
Zoología / Zoology / Zoologia
Most read articles by the same author(s)