Publicado sep 9, 2020


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Rafael Monroig Vives



Los seres humanos tienden a organizarse en grupos. Estos grupos deben ser sólidos para permitir una cooperación eficaz entre los individuos. Según algunos investigadores (Ostrom, 1990; Suárez et al., 2011), una identidad colectiva de grupo basada en símbolos culturales compartidos, una religión compartida o una lengua común es clave para fomentar la cooperación. Para investigar esta hipótesis, se extrajeron datos de Twitter y se crearon dos grafos de red (los nodos eran los usuarios de Twitter y los enlaces las relaciones entre usuarios) en torno a dos partidos políticos españoles durante las elecciones catalanas de 2017, Ciudadanos y Podemos. Por un lado, los miembros de la red de Ciudadanos compartían posicionamiento ideológico e identidad cultural colectiva (se identificaban con símbolos culturales españoles). Por otro lado, los miembros de Podemos en la red compartían posicionamiento ideológico, pero no identidad cultural (algunos de los usuarios de Podemos se identificaban con símbolos catalanes y otros con símbolos españoles). Los resultados de diferentes métricas de cohesión de la red (por ejemplo, el coeficiente de agrupación y la distancia media) muestran que la red de Ciudadanos estaba más cohesionada que la de Podemos.


redes sociales, identidad colectiva, cohesión, elecciones catalanassocial networks, collective identity, cohesiveness, Catalan electionsredes sociais, identidade coletiva, coesão, eleições catalãs

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Cómo citar
Monroig Vives, R. . (2020). Cohesión de redes nacionales y culturales durante periodos de estrés. Universitas Humanística, 90.
Dossier: Humanidades digitales II