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Cristina De La Peña Álvarez http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1176-4981

Elena Bernabéu Brotóns

Resumen

Los Trastornos Específicos del Aprendizaje constituyen un grupo heterogéneo de alteraciones frecuentes que pueden generar problemas importantes no solo durante la etapa escolar, sino a lo largo de toda la vida. Las dificultades persistentes en lectura (dislexia) y en matemáticas (discalculia) son, por su relevancia y prevalencia, los dos Trastornos de Aprendizaje más importantes en la práctica educativa y clínica. El objetivo del estudio es realizar una síntesis de los descubrimientos científicos de los últimos diez años sobre las bases neuroanatómicas y genéticas de la dislexia y la discalculia. Se realizó un análisis exhaustivo bibliográfico desde 2006 hasta enero de 2017 en inglés y español centrados en neuroimagen y genética de dislexia y discalculia mediante las bases de datos Medline, PsyInfo, Scopus, Web of Science y Dialnet. Se incluyeron 38 artículos de los cuales se extrajeronn las aportaciones desde la neuroimagen y la genética tanto para la dislexia como de discalculia. Estos datos facilitaron herramientas para orientar al contexto psicológico y educativo, a su vez proporcionando respuestas definitivas.

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Keywords

dificultades de aprendizaje, trastorno específico de aprendizaje, dislexia, discalculia, neuroimagen, genética

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Cómo citar
De La Peña Álvarez, C., & Bernabéu Brotóns, E. (2018). Dislexia y discalculia: una revisión sistemática actual desde la neurogenética. Universitas Psychologica, 17(3), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy17-3.ddrs
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