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Pablo Fossa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9975-8537

Natalia Awad https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3513-3706

Fabian Ramos https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6003-7049

Yerko Molina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9117-3606

Sofía De la Puerta https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3557-949X

Carlos Cornejo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5426-0025

Resumen

El presente artículo reporta los resultados de un estudio cuantitativo exploratorio, cuyo objetivo fue identificar formas de lenguaje interior y sus manifestaciones expresivas en la gestualidad. Los participantes, 50 estudiantes universitarios, fueron sometidos individualmente a dos eventos de elicitación de lenguaje interior: una música instrumental y un cuento. Luego de cada estímulo, se les solicitó reflexionar en silencio los contenidos elicitados por cada uno, para posteriormente participar en una entrevista cualitativa videoasistida. Las categorías gestuales fueron codificadas y analizadas a través de un análisis estadístico descriptivo, correlaciones de Pearson y análisis de componentes principales. Los resultados evidencian tres formas de lenguaje interior asociados a diferentes movimientos expresivos no verbales. En primer lugar, aparece un lenguaje interno al servicio del control del pensamiento, asociado a movimientos no verbales de control y búsqueda voluntaria del pensamiento. En segundo lugar, un lenguaje interior de esfuerzo cognitivo, que implica gestos iterativos que manifiestan procesamiento de información. Finalmente, se observa un lenguaje interno fisionómico-organísmico, asociado a expresiones no verbales que manifiestan una interioridad cargada de sentido. Estos hallazgos contribuyen a la comprensión de la formación de símbolos, con la descripción de sus formas internas y externas, entendiendo la experiencia humana como única, total y holista.

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Keywords

lenguaje interior, expresividad, lenguaje expresivo, gestos

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Cómo citar
Fossa, P., Awad, N., Ramos, F., Molina, Y., De la Puerta, S., & Cornejo, C. (2018). Control del pensamiento, esfuerzo cognitivo y lenguaje fisionómico-organísmico: tres manifestaciones expresivas del lenguaje interior en la experiencia humana. Universitas Psychologica, 17(4), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy17-4.cpec
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