Efficacy of an Individualized Prevention Program Including Social Media Support on University Students with Gingivitis

Carlos Alberto Serrano Méndez, Karen Andrea Avendaño Calderón, Paula Andrea Moreno Caro

Abstract


ABSTRACT. Background: Several epidemiology reports have shown high prevalence of gingivitis among adolescents and young individuals in Colombia. The Third Colombian Oral Health Study described how approximately 70 % of individuals 15-24 years had gingival bleeding. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of an individualized oral hygiene program that uses social media to treat gingivitis on young university students from Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: Thirty-eight students with gingivitis participated in a program that included: Individualized oral hygiene instruction, professional removal of plaque and calculus and, recall and support on oral hygiene through the use of social media. Evaluated clinical parameters included: plaque accumulation, bleeding on probing, probing depth and clinical attachment levels, these measured at baseline and at a follow-up examination four weeks later. Wilcoxon test was used. Results: Plaque accumulation was significantly reduced from 72.6 % to 29.6 %, similarly bleeding on probing was reduced, from 36.7 % to 13.8%, a slight reduction in probing depth and gain in attachment level was observed. Subjects reported an increased frequency for toothbrushing and use of dental floss. Conclusion: The program showed efficacy in the treatment of gingivitis, subjects were highly positive to the use of social media.


Keywords


gingivitis; oral health education; oral hygiene; primary prevention; social media; young adult; oral epidemiology; prevention and control

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.uo36-76.epho

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