Published Nov 2, 2021


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Maria Camila Zapata Zúñiga

Miguel Angel Parra-Pérez

Johan Alexander Álvarez-Berrio, MSc

Nidia Isabel Molina-Gómez, MSc



This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of technologies for removing antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their antibiotic resistance genes, and the countries where they have been developed. For this purpose, was conducted a systematic review to identify the tertiary treatments to remove the above-mentioned pollutants. The ScienceDirect and Scopus databases were used as sources of information, taking into account only experimental research from 2006 to 2019 and technologies with removal rates higher than 70% to the information analyses. From the analysis of 9 technologies evaluated, in a set of 47 investigations, photo-Fenton, and electrochemical treatments were found to be the most efficient in the removal of antibiotics; gamma radiation and photocatalysis with TiO2 and UV revealed better results in the removal of resistant microbial agents and their resistance genes, with efficiencies of 99.9%. As one of the largest producers and consumers of antibiotics, China appears to be the country with the most scientific research on the area. The importance of innovation in wastewater treatment processes to achieve better results in the remotion of antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and their resistance genes is highlighted, given the effects on the aquatic ecosystems and public health.


Antibiotics, sewage treatment, antibiotic resistance bacteria, antibiotic resistance genesAntibióticos, tratamiento de aguas residuales, bacterias de resistencia antibiótica, genes de resistencia antibiótica

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How to Cite
Zapata Zúñiga, M. C., Parra-Pérez, M. A. ., Álvarez-Berrio, J. A., & Molina-Gómez, N. I. . (2021). Technologies in Wastewater Treatment Plants for the Removal of Antibiotics, Resistant Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistance Genes: a Review of the Current Literature. Ingenieria Y Universidad, 26.
Civil and environmental engineering