Improvement of Biowaste Composting by Addition of Sugarcane Filter Cake as an Amendment Material
Objective: The goal of this research was to evaluate the influence of the incorporation of Sugarcane Filter Cake (SFC) as an amendment material (AM) on the process of biowaste (BW) composting and the quality of the final product. Methods: In this study the effect (in terms of stability, maturity and agricultural value) of SFC incorporation on four mixture proportions BW: SFC (100:00–control; 90:10; 80:20 and 70:30) was evaluated on a pilot scale. Results: The results show that overall, the incorporation of SFC enabled thermophilic temperatures to be achieved in a shorter time than the control treatment and improved the stability conditions (oxygen consumption <1.0 mgO2/gVSh), germination index (GI >80%: mature product) and quality product index (FI >3.5: high soil fertilization potential). The mixing ratio 80:20, showed the best product quality (highest total N content: 2.32%, TP: 1.42%, CEC: 65.5 meq/100 g), lower electrical conductivity (EC) value (0.38 dS/m) and total and fecal coliforms (15.3 and 4.0 NMP/g respectively), complying with technical standards (Colombian and Chilean) for organic products used as fertilizers and amendments or soil conditioners. In addition to demonstrating the best results of GI and FI (123.40% and 4.67 respectively).
Biorresiduos de Origen Municipal-BOM, Cachaza, Cocompostaje, Material de enmienda, Valor agrícolaAgricultural value, Amendment material, Biowaste, Co-composting, Filter cake
 N. Thi, G. Kumar, and C.-Y. Lin, “An overview of food waste management in developing countries: current status and future perspective,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 157, pp. 220-229, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.04.022
 R. Campuzano and S. Gonzáles-Martínez, “Characteristics of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste and methane production: A review,” Waste Management, vol. 54, pp. 3-12, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.05.016
 D. Kulikowska and E. Klimiuk, “Organic matter transformations and kinetics during sewage sludge composting in a two-stage system,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 23, pp. 10951-10958, 2011.
 L. Y. Lim, C. P. C. Bong, C. T. Lee, J. J. Klemeš, M. R. Sarmidi, and J. S. Lim, “Review on the current composting practices and the potential of improvement using two-stage composting,” Chemical Engineering Transactions, vol. 61, pp. 1051-1056, 2017. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1761173
 J. Faverial, M. Boval, J. Sierra and D. Sauvant, “End-product quality of composts produced under tropical and temperate climates using different raw materials: A meta-analysis,” Journal of environmental management, vol. 183, no. 3, pp. 909-916, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.057
 R. Götze, A. Boldrin, C. Scheutz, and T. F. Astrup, “Physico-chemical characterisation of material fractions in household waste: Overview of data in literature,” Waste Management, vol. 49, pp. 3-14, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.01.008
 L. Zhang and X. Sun, “Improving green waste composting by addition of sugarcane bagasse and exhausted grape marc,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 218, pp. 335-343, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.06.097
 N. J. Smallwood, “Environmental Concerns in Soybean Processing,” in Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization, D. Erickson, Ed. Champaign, IL: AOCS Press, 1995, pp. 504-518. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-935315-63-9.50029-2
 R. D. M. Prado, G. Caione, and C. N. S. Campos, “Filter cake and vinasse as fertilizers contributing to conservation agriculture,” Applied and Environmental Soil Science, vol. 2, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/581984
 S. Meunchang, S. Panichsakpatana, and R. W. Weaver, “Co-composting of filter cake and bagasse; by-products from a sugar mill,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 437-442, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.05.024
 A. Bohórquez, Y. Puentes, J. C. Menjivar, “Evaluación de la calidad del compost producido a partir de subproductos agroindustriales de caña de azúcar,” Corpoica. Ciencia y Tecnología agropecuaria, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 73-81, 2014. https://doi.org/10.21930/rcta.vol15_num1_art:398
 B. Parra, Producción de metano a partir de la digestión anaerobia de biorresiduos de origen municipal, Thesis, Área de Énfasis Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental, Universidad del Valle, 2014.
 ICONTEC, Norma técnica colombiana NTC 5167. Productos para la industria agrícola, productos orgánicos usados como abonos o fertilizantes y enmiendas de suelo, Bogotá, Colombia: ICONTEC, 2011.
 P. J. van Soest and R. Wine, “Uso de detergentes en el análisis de alimentos fibrosos. IV. Determinación de permanganato,” Association of Official Analytical Chemists, vol. 50, no. 1, p. 6, 2020.
 C. W. Acosta, P. Franco and M. Ivan, Elaboración de abonos orgánicos a partir del compostaje de residuos agrícolas en el municipio de Fusagasugá, Thesis, Universidad de Cundinamarca, Bogotá, Colombia, 2015.
 T. Getahun, A. Nigusie, T. Entele, T. Gerven, and B. Bruggen, “Effect of turning frequencies on composting biodegradable municipal solid waste quality,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 65, pp. 79-84, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2012.05.007
 C. Sundemberg, I. Franke-Whittlw, S. Kauppi, S. Yu, M. Romantschuk, H. Insam, and H. Jonsson, “Characterisation of source-separated household waste intended for composting,” Bioresource technology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 2859-2867, 2010.
 R. Barrera, F. Vásquez, and A. Sánchez, “The use of respiration indices in the composting process: a review,” Waste management & research, vol. 24, no. 37, pp. 37-47, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X06062385
 S. Ponsa, E. Pagans, A. Sánchez, “Composting of dewatered wastewater sludge with various ratios of pruning waste used as a bulking agent and monitored by respirometer,” Biosystems Engineering, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 433-443, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2009.01.002
 F. Zucconi, A. Pera, M. Forte, and M. de Bertoldi, “Evaluating toxicity of immature compost,” Biocycle (USA), vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 54-57, 1981.
 H. Saha , N. Panwar, and M. Singh, “An assessment of municipal solid waste compost quality produced in different cities of india in the perspective of developing quality control indices,” Waste Management, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 192-201, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2009.09.041
 Gobierno de Chile, Norma chilena de compost 2880-2004. Compost: Clasificación y requisitos, Santiago de Chile: Gobierno de Chile, 2015.
 C. O. Onwosi, V. C. Igbokwe, J. N. Odimba, I. E. Eke, M. O. Nwankwoala, I. N. Iroh, and L. I. Ezeogu, “Composting technology in waste stabilization: on the methods, challenges and future prospects,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 190, pp. 140-157, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.12.051
 J. P. Juanga, Optimizing dry anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste, Bangkok, Thailand: Asian Institute of Technology, 2005.
 G. Ogunwande, J. Osunade, K. Adekalu, and L. Ogunjimi, “Nitrogen loss in chicken litter compost as affected by carbon to nitrogen ratio and turning frequency,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 16, pp. 7495-7503, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.02.020
 S. Bryndum, R. Muschler, A. Nigussie, J. Magid, and A. De Neergaard, “Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces n loss from sugarcane compost,” Waste Management, vol. 65, pp. 169-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001
 N. Rich and A. Bharti, “Assessment of different types of in-vessel composters and its effect on stabilization of msw compost,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 37-42.
 M. Waqas, A. S. Nizami, A. S. Aburiazaiza, M. A. Barakat, M. I. Rashid, and I. M. I. Ismail, “Optimizing the process of food waste compost and valorizing its applications: A case study of saudi arabia,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 176, pp. 426-438, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.165
 A. Nigussie, S. Bruun, T. W. Kuyper, T. W. and A. De Neergaard, “Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste: Effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability,” Chemosphere, vol. 166, pp. 352-362, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123
 F. Kalemelawa, E. Nishihara, T. Endo, Z. Ahmad, R. Yeasmin, M. M., Tenywa and S. Yamamoto, “An evaluation of aerobic and anaerobic composting of banana peels treated with different inoculums for soil nutrient replenishment” Bioresource Technology, vol. 126, pp. 375-382, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.04.030
 K. Lasaridi, I. Protopapa, M. Kotsou, G. Pilidis, T. Manios, and A. Kyriacou, “Quality assessment of composts in the Greek market: the need for standards and quality assurance,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 58-65, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.08.011
 N. Soobhany, “Assessing the physicochemical properties and quality parameters during composting of different organic constituents of municipal solid waste,” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1979-1988, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.02.049
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.