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Giovanni Maria Vecchio https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6452-4995

Barbara Barcaccia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3946-481X

Paolo Raciti https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2305-6440

Paloma Vivaldi Vera https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9161-7417

Michela Milioni https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1975-262X

Resumen

La ER 89 (Block & Kremen, 1996) es una escala de autoinforme que mide la egoresiliencia en contextos comunitarios. El presente estudio examinó las propiedades psicométricas de una versión breve de la ER 89 ([ER89-R], Alessandri, Vecchio, Steca, Caprara, & Caprara, 2007) en una población colombiana de alta vulnerabilidad. Los participantes fueron 947 jóvenes y adultos (427 hombres, 520 mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre 16 y 66 años (M = 32.4, DE = 11.6), que vivían en 14 ayuntamientos y beneficiarios de cuatro programas para personas en situaciones de pobreza extrema o víctimas de violencia. El Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (AFC) apoyó la presencia del factor de segundo orden ER y dos factores de primer orden, denominados Regulación Óptima (RO) y Apertura a las experiencias de la vida (AV). Además, los resultados mostraron una invariancia configuracional completa de las escalas en tres grupos de edad (16-25 años, 26-40 años y más de 40 años) e invariancia estricta parcial por género. La validez de constructo de la ER89-R se examinó más a fondo mediante correlaciones de orden cero y análisis de regresión múltiple: se encontraron asociaciones significativas y positivas de ER, RO y AV con algunos indicadores relevantes de ajuste (autoestima, optimismo y estrategias de afrontamiento). Se discuten importantes implicaciones para los programas de intervención dirigidos a personas en contextos desfavorecidos.

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Keywords

ego-resilencia, ajuste, personas vulnerables, bienestar

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Cómo citar
Vecchio, G. M., Barcaccia, B., Raciti, P., Vivaldi Vera, P., & Milioni, M. (2019). Validación de la Escala de Ego-Resiliencia Revisada en una población colombiana de alta vulnerabilidad. Universitas Psychologica, 18(3), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-3.vrer
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