Publicado Dec 15, 2021



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Raúl Tárraga-Mínguez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4458-5763

Irene Lacruz-Pérez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1560-1952

Rosa Peiró-Estela https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0330-7281

Pilar Sanz-Cervera https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6919-6150

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Resumen

Este trabajo incluye una revisión de la literatura publicada entre 2010 y 2019 que aborda la efectividad de las Terapias y Actividades Asistidas con Animales como intervención con niños y adolescentes con Trastorno del Espectro Autista (TEA). Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ProQuest, ERIC y Google Scholar, empleando los términos [(animal assisted therapy OR animal assisted intervention OR dog-assisted therapy OR equine-assisted therapy OR dolphin-assisted therapy) AND (autism OR ASD)]. Se identificaron 245 estudios, de los cuales se seleccionaron 40 con base en diferentes criterios de inclusión, tales como que las intervenciones descritas tengan un enfoque psicoeducativo y sean evaluadas mediante instrumentos rigurosos. En cada uno de ellos se revisaron las variables analizadas, los instrumentos de evaluación utilizados, las características de cada intervención y los resultados obtenidos. Los resultados sugieren que los animales más utilizados son el caballo y el perro, y que este tipo de intervención tiene efectos positivos para niños con TEA en áreas como la interacción y la comunicación social, el comportamiento y el desarrollo motor, entre otros. Se concluye que es una intervención beneficiosa para niños y adolescentes con autismo, aunque siempre como complemento de otro tipo de tratamientos.

Keywords

animal assisted activities, autism, intervention, systematic review, animal assisted therapyactividades asistidas con animales, autismo, intervención, revisión sistemática, terapia asistida con animales

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Cómo citar
Tárraga-Mínguez, R., Lacruz-Pérez, I., Peiró-Estela, R., & Sanz-Cervera, P. (2021). Terapias y actividades asistidas con animales para niños con TEA: un estudio de revisión. Universitas Psychologica, 20, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy20.taaa
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