Publicado Nov 14, 2017



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David Martínez-Iñigo

Antonio Crego

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Resumen

La utilización de estrategias controladas para la regulación interpersonal (ECRI) del afecto de la población reclusa puede afectar al bienestar de los operadores de prisiones. Según estudios previos, las ECRIs orientadas a mejorar el afecto de otros incrementan el bienestar del agente que las ejecuta. Al contrario, las ECRIs orientadas a empeorar el afecto deterioran su bienestar. Estos resultados se explican, según el Modelo de Fuerza de la Autorregulación y el Modelo de Conservación de Recursos, a partir del equilibrio entre el consumo de recursos de auto-regulación ligados a la ECRIs y los efectos diferenciales de dichas estrategias sobre los procesos de recuperación de este tipo de recursos. El presente estudio, basado en un diseño cuasi-experimenta, evalúa la eficacia de un programa de formación en ECRI orientado a la mejora del bienestar. Los resultados reflejan un mayor nivel de bienestar y un menor nivel de ECRIS orientadas al empeoramiento en los participantes en la formación (N= 21), cuando se comparan el un grupo de control (N= 18). No se encontraron diferencias significativas para las ECRIs de mejora. Los análisis de regresión jerárquica muestran que los cambios en las ECRIS de empeoramiento predicen negativamente los cambios en el nivel de bienestar.

Keywords

Interpersonal emotion regulation, psychological wellbeing, self-regulation, conservation of resources, prison officersRegulación emocional, conservación de recursos, bienestar psicológico, salud ocupacional

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Cómo citar
Martínez-Iñigo, D., & Crego, A. (2017). Evaluación de una intervención para la mejora de las competencias de regulación interpersonal del afecto y el bienestar laboral en una muestra de operadores penitenciarios del Uruguay. Universitas Psychologica, 16(3), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-3.eimc
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