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Antonio Crego https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0410-5697

José Ramón Yela https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9770-4001

María Ángeles Gómez-Martínez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0095-2194

Elena Sánchez-Zaballos https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2820-2777

Resumen

Este estudio tiene como objetivo someter a prueba la hipótesis de que la relación entre religiosidad y bienestar psicológico puede estar mediada por el grado en que alguien experimenta sentido o propósito en su vida. Se realizó una encuesta en la que participó una muestra de 1553 personas de América Latina (87.6 % mujeres), con un rango de edad entre 18 y 70 años (M = 40.16, DE = 16.02), que respondieron a un cuestionario que incluía medidas de significado en la vida (Purpose in Life Test) y ajuste psicológico (Satisfaction with Life Scale, Subjective Happiness Scale, GHQ-12 y PANAS). Los resultados indicaron que aquellos que se definían como creyentes practicantes presentaban, en general, mayor bienestar, menos síntomas psicológicos y menor afecto negativo que los creyentes no-practicantes, que a su vez reportaron un mejor ajuste en comparación con los no-creyentes. Estas relaciones se encontraban, además, parcial o totalmente mediadas por las puntuaciones en variables referidas a la percepción de significado en la vida, en las que también las personas definidas como creyentes practicantes obtenían los valores más elevados. Como conclusión, la experiencia de sentido y propósito en la vida se revela como un aspecto clave para entender la conexión entre religión y bienestar psicológico.

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Keywords

religiosidad, bienestar, significado en la vida, propósito, salud mental

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Cómo citar
Crego, A., Yela, J., Gómez-Martínez, M. Ángeles, & Sánchez-Zaballos, E. (2019). La experiencia de significado en la vida como variable mediadora de la relación entre religiosidad y ajuste psicológico. Universitas Psychologica, 18(5), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-5.esvv
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