Publicado Sep 20, 2016



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Patricia Motos Sellés

María Teresa Cortés Tomás

Jose Antonio Giménez Costa

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Resumen

Las implicaciones clínicas y sociales derivadas del consumo intensivo de alcohol (CIA) en universitarios motivan la necesidad de analizar los factores que favorecen su aparición. Este estudio evalúa cómo influye la cantidad de alcohol ingerido, la edad de inicio en el consumo de esta sustancia y los motivos asociados a esta conducta en la presencia de un mayor o menor número de consecuencias psicosociales. 312 estudiantes de primero de la Universidad de Valencia que realizan CIA cumplimentaron el instrumento IECI (Cortés et al., 2012): autoregistro de consumo, motivos asociados a esta ingesta y consecuencias psicosociales derivadas. Se confirman resultados de investigaciones precedentes. Ambos sexos duplican los gramos de alcohol que definen un CIA. Aparecen diferencias en los efectos esperados en función del sexo, así como en la edad de inicio en el consumo y en el número de consecuencias experimentadas. Los análisis de regresión de orden jerárquico muestran la importancia de la edad de inicio y los motivos, por encima de los gramos consumidos, para dar cuenta del deterioro psicosocial generado por la ingesta. Esto apoya la necesidad de atender a la combinación de variables en la explicación y posterior intervención para paliar las consecuencias derivadas del CIA.

Keywords

universitarios, edad de inicio, motivos, consecuencias, Consumo Intensivo Alcohol, diferencias de génerouniversity students, drinking onset, motives, consequences, binge drinking, gender differences

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Cómo citar
Motos Sellés, P., Cortés Tomás, M. T., & Giménez Costa, J. A. (2016). Edad de inicio en el consumo, motivos y cantidad de alcohol en la determinación de consecuencias en consumidores intensivos universitarios. Universitas Psychologica, 15(2), 243-254. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy15-2.edcm
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