Published Jan 1, 2012


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Ángela Peña

Juvenal Yosa

Yesid Cuesta-Astroz

Orlando Acevedo

Leonardo Lareo

Felipe García-Vallejo


Objective. Using molecular simulation, we studied the influence of Mg2+ ions on the binding mode of HTLV-I Integrase (IN) catalytic domain (modeled by homology) with the 3,5- Dicaffeoylquinic Acid (DCQA). HTLV-I Integrase homology model was built using template-like crystallographic data of the IN catalytic domain solved for Avian Sarcoma Virus (VSA, pdb: 1VSD). Materials and methods. In order to analyze the role of Mg2+ in the interaction or coupling between 3,5-DCQA and Integrase, three models were created: i) in the absence of Mg2+ ions, ii) with a Mg2+ ion coordinated at Asp15 and Asp72 and iii) model with two Mg2+ ions coordinated at Asp15-Asp72 and Asp72-Glu108. Coupling force and binding free energy between 3,5-DCQA and HTLV-I IN were assessed in the three models. Results. The lowest docking score and free energy binding were obtained for the second model. Mg2+ ion strongly affected the coupling of the inhibitor 3,5-DCQA with HTLV-I catalytic domain of Integrase, thus revealing a strong interaction in the ligand-protein complex regardless of the ligand-catalytic interaction sites for all three models. Conclusion. Altogether, these results strengthen the hypothesis that the presence of one Mg2+ ion could enhance the interaction in the complex by decreasing free energy, therefore increasing the affinity. Moreover, we propose 3, 5-DCQA as an important pharmacophore in the rational design of new antiretroviral drugs.

Key words: 3,5 -Dicaffeoylquinic Acid, Human T-Lymphotropic Type I (HTLV-1), Integrase (IN), Homology Model, Molecular Docking, Binding Free Energy, Mg2+ Ions.

3, 5 -Dicaffeoylquinic Acid, Human T-Lymphotropic Type I (HTLV-1), Integrase (IN), Homology Model, Molecular Docking, Binding Free Energy, Mg2 Ions

How to Cite
Peña, Ángela, Yosa, J., Cuesta-Astroz, Y., Acevedo, O., Lareo, L., & García-Vallejo, F. (2012). Influence of Mg2+ ions on the interaction between 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and HTLV-I integrase. Universitas Scientiarum, 17(1), 5–15.
Bioinformatics and modeling

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