Mariela Golik


La Generación Y se destaca por sus creencias, aspiraciones y actitudes diferentes a las de las generaciones precedentes. Este estudio explora las expectativas de esta generación con respecto al balance vida laboral y vida privada, examinando la influencia de los padres y el género, y su impacto sobre las elecciones laborales. Mediante un cuestionario auto-administrado se interrogó una muestra de 217 universitarios de pregrado. Se encontró que los jóvenes Y privilegian los aspectos intrínsecos del trabajo, muestran interés tanto en desarrollar una carrera como en el equilibrio entre su vida profesional y su vida privada. El género no ejerce una influencia significativa. Se ofrece una guía para entender las expectativas de los jóvenes frente al mercado laboral.



equilibrio vida laboral - vida privada, desafíos de Recursos Humanos, generation Y

Albert, E., Bournois, F., Duval-Hamel, J., Rojot, J., Rousillon et S. Sainsalieu, R. (2003). Pourquoi j´irais travailler. Paris: Ed. Eyrolles.

Arnett, J. (2004). Emerging adulthood. New York: Oxford University Press.

Arthur, M. and Rousseau, D. (1996). The boundaryless career: A new employment principle for a new organizational era. New York: Oxford University Press.

Aschaffenburg, K. and Maas, I. (1997). Cultural and educational careers: The dynamics of social reproduction. American Sociological Review, 62, 573-587.

Audet, M. (2004). La gestion de la relève et le choc des générations. Gestion, 29 (3), 20-27.

Barel, Y. and Fremeaux, S. (2006). Projets profesionnelles et aide a la concilition vie profesionnellevie personnelle. XVIIe Congrès de la AGRH- Le travail au coeur de la GRH, 16-17 novembre, Reims, France.

Barnett, R. (1994). Home-to-work spillover revisited: A study of full-time employed women in dual earner couples. Journal of Marriage and Family, 56 (3), 647-656.

Barnett, R., Gareis, K., James, J. and Steele, J. (2003). Planning ahead: College seniors’ concerns about career-marriage conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62, 305-319.

Batt, R. and Valcour, P. (2003) Human resources practices as predictors of work-family outcomes and employee turnover. Industrial Relations, 42 (2), 189-196.

Bosco, S. and Bianco, C. (2005). Influence of maternal work patterns and socio-economic estatus on Gen Y lifestyle choice. Journal of Career Development, 32, 165-182.

Bretz, R. and Judge, T. (1994). The role of human resource systems in job applicant decision processes. Journal of Management, 20, 531-551.

Bryant, A. (2003). Changes in attitudes toward women’s roles: Predicting gender-role traditionalism among college students. Sex Roles, 48, 131-142.

Burke, M. (2004) Generational differences.survey report.The society for human resource management, August
Burley, K. (1994). Gender differences and similarities in coping responses to anticipated workfamily conflict. Psychological Report, 74 (1), 115-123.

Calder, B., Phillips, L. and Tybout, A. (1981). Designing research for application. Journal of Consumer Research, 8 (2), 197-207.

Campbell, J. (1986). Labs, fields, and straw issues. In Locke, E. Generalizing from laboratory to field settings, 269-279. Lexington: M.A., Books.

Capelli, P. (1999). Career jobs are dead. California Management Review, 42 (1), 146-167.

Carless, S. and Wintle, J. (2007). Applicant attraction: The role of recruiter function, work-life balance policies and career salience. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 15 (4), 394-404.

Castel, R. (2003). Do young people have a specific relationship to work?. In Roulleau-Berger, L. Youth and work in the post-industrial city of North America and Europe. Boston: Ed. BrillLeiden.

Cennamo, L. and Gardner, D. (2008). Generational differences in work values, outcomes and person-organisation values fit. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(8), 891-906.

Charles, N. (2007). Continuity and change in worklife balance choices. British Journal of Sociology, 58 (2), 277-295.

Cinamon, R. (2006). Anticipated work-family conflict: Effects of gender, self-efficacy, and family background. The Career Development Quarterly, 54 (3), 202-215.

Conlon, A. L. (2002). Anticipated work-family conflict and life style expectations of female and male undergraduate and graduate students.Thesis Dissertation- University of Minnesota.

De Cieri, H., Holmes, B., Abbott, J.and Pettit, T. (2005). Achievements and challenges for worklife balance strategies in Australian organizations. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16 (1), 90-103.

Demerouti, E., Geurts, S. and Kompier, M. (2004). Positive and negative work–home interaction: Prevalence and correlates. Equal Opportunities International., 23, 6-35.

Dex, S. and Bond, S. (2005). Measuring work-life balance and its covariates. Work, Employment and Society, 19 (3), 627-637.

Doumas, D., Margolin, G. and John, R. (2003). The relationship between daily marital interaction, work, and health-promoting behaviors in dualearner couples: An extension of the work–family spillover model. Journal of Family Issues, 24(1), 2-30.

Doyle, M. (2000). Managing careers in organisations. In Collin, A., Young, R. The Future of Career. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Drew, E., Emerek, R. and Mahon, E. (1998). Women, work and the family in Europe. London: (Eds.) Routledge.
Dries, N., Pepermans, R. and De Kerpel, E. (2008). Exploring four generations’ beliefs about career. Is satisfied the new successful?. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23 (8), 907-928.

Eagle, B., Icenogle, M., Maes, J. and Miles, E. (1998). The importance of employee demographic profiles for understanding experiences of work-family interrole conflicts. The Journal of Social Psychology, 138(6), 690-709.

Eagly, A. (1987). Sex differences in social behavior: A social role interpretation. Hillsdale, N J: Erlbaum.
Edwards, J. and Rothbard, N. (2000). Mechanisms linking work and family: Clarifying the relationship between work and family constructs. Academy of Management Review, 25, 178-199.

Eisner, S. (2005). Managing Generation Y. S. A. M. Advanced Management Journal., 70 (4), 4-15.

Elizur, D. (1984). Facets of work values: A structural analysis of work outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 379-389.

Elizur, D. (1994). Gender and work values: A comparative analysis. The Journal of Social Psychology, 431, 201-212.

Evrard, Y., Pras, B. et Roux, E. (1993). Market études et recherches en marketing. Fondements méthodes. Paris : Ed. Nathan, 2nd édition.

Fiorentine, R. (1988). Increasing similarity in the values and life plans of male and female college students? Evidence and implications. Sex Roles, 18 (3), 143-158.

Forsyth, S. and Polzer-Debruyne, A. (2007). The organizational payoffs for perceived work-life balance support. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 45 (1), 113-123.

Friede, A. (2005). Anticipated work-family conflict: The construct, its antecedents and consequences. Master Thesis Michigan State University.

Friedman, S. and Greenhaus, J. (2000). Work and family-allies or enemies? What happens when business professionals confront life choices. New York: Oxford University Press.

Frone, M., Russell, M. and Cooper, M. (1992). Antecedents and outcomes of workfamily conflict: Testing a model of the work-family interface. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 65-78.

Fu, C. and Shaffer, M. (2001). The tug of work and family: Direct and indirect domain-specific determinants of work-family conflict. Personnel Review, 30 (5), 502-522.

Gaborit, P. (2008). Genre, temps sociaux et parentés. Paris: L´Harmattan.

George, J. and Jones, G. (1998). Experiencing work: Values, attitudes, and moods. Human Relations, 50, 393-416.

Giles, M. and Rea, A.(1999). Career self-efficacy: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72 (3), 393-398.

Goffee, R. and Jones, G. (2000). Career, community, and social architecture: An exploration of concepts, In Career frontiers. New conceptions of working lives, 256-272. Peiperl, M., Arthur, M., Goffee, R. and Morris, T., New York, Oxford University Press.

Gordon, M., Slade, L. and Schmitt, N. (1986). The science of the sophomore revisited: from conjecture to empiricism. Academy of Management Review, 11 (1), 191-207.

Gorman, P., Nelson, T. and Glassman, A. (2004). The Millennial generation: A strategic opportunity. Organizational Analysis, 12 (3), 255-270.

Gorman, C., Clover, W. and Doherty, M. (1978). Can we learn anything about interviewing real people from a interviews of paper people? Two studies of the external validity of a paradigm. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 22, 165-172.

Grant-Vallone, E. and Donaldson, S. (2001). Consequences of work-family conflict on employee well-being over time. Work & Stress, 15 (3), 214-226.

Greenberg, J. (1987). The college sophomore as guinea pig: setting the record straight. Academy of Management Review, 12, 157-159.

Greenhaus, J. and Beutell, N. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10, 76-88.

Greenhaus, J. and Parasuraman, S. (1999). Research on work, family, and gender: Current estatus and future direction. In G. N. Powel (Ed.), Handbook of gender and work (pp. 391–412). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Guerrero, S., Cerdin, J. and Roger, A. (2004). La gestion des carrières : enjeux et perspectives. Paris: Ed. Vuibert.

Gutek, B., Searle, S. and Klepa, L.(1991) Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 560-568.

Helwig, C. (1998). Children’s conceptions of fair government and freedom of speech. Child Development, 69 (2), 518-531.

Heraty, N. and Morely, M. (2000). Contextualising the Celtic tiger: The Irish labour market. Argumenta Oeconomica, 9 (1), 107- 140.

Hernández-Ruiz, A. (2008). Expectativas de vida familiar y laboral de una muestra de estudiantes de Publicidad y Relaciones Públicas. Tesis Doctoral Universidad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Alicante.

Holliday Wayne, J. (2009). Does reputation matter and if so, why? The effects of compensation, work-family, and managing diversity efforts on millenials’ job pursuit intentions. 24th Annual conference for the Society of Industrial/Organizational Psychology, New Orleans.

Honeycutt, T. and Rosen, B. (1997). Family friendly human resource policies, salary levels, and salient identity as predictors of organizational attraction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50, 271-290.

Houston, D. (2005). Work-life balance in the 21st century. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.

Howe, N. and Strauss, W. (2000). Millennials Rising: The Next Generations. New York: Vintage Books.

Ilgen, D. (1986). Laboratory research: A question of when, not if. In Locke, E. (Ed.) Generalizing form laboratory to field settings, pp. 257- 267. Lexington, Ma: Lexington Books.

Jerkiewicz, C. (2000). Generation X and the Public Employee. Public Personnel Management, 29, 55-74.

Jones, M. and McKenna, J. (2002). Women and work-home conflict: a dual paradigm approach. Health Education Review, 102 (5), 249-259.

Kerpelman, J. and Schvaneveldt, P. (1999). Young adults’ anticipated identity importance of career, marital., and parental roles: comparisons of men and women with different role Balance orientation. Sex Roles, 41 (3-4), 189-217.

Kirrane, M. and Monks, K.(2008). Attitudes towards managing the work-family interface: the role of gender and social background. Irish Journal of Applied Social Studies, 8 (1), 70-89.

Kopelman, R., Greenhaus, J. and Connolly, T. (1983). A model of work, family, and inter-role conflict: A construct validation study. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 32(4), 198-215.

Koppes, L. and Swanberg, J. (2008). Introduction to special issue: work-life effectiveness: implications for organizations. The Psychologist Manager Journal., 11, 1-4.

Kupperschmidt, B. (2000). Multi-generation employees: strategies for effective management. Health Care Manager, 19 (1), 65-76.

Lancaster, L. and Stillman, D. (2003). When generations collide: Who they are. Why they clash. How to solve the generational puzzle at work. New York: HarperCollins

Lethielleux, L. et Guillemin, M. (2008). Les défis du salarié équilibriste. Institut Rémois de Gestion.

Lewis, S., Smithson, J. and Kugelberg, C. (2002). Into work: job insecurity and changing psychological contracts. In J. Brannen, S. Lewis, A. Nilsen and J. Smithson (Eds.), Young Europeans, work and family, 69-88, London: Routledge

Livingston M., Burley, K. and Springer, T. (1997). The importance of being feminine: Gender, sex role, occupational and marital role commitment, and their relationship to anticipated work - family conflict. Handbook of Gender Research: A special issue of the Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 11 (5), 179-192.

Lo, S. (2003). Perceptions of work-family conflict among married female professionals in Hong Kong. Personnel Review, 32, 376-90.

Loughlin, C. and Barling, J. (1998). Teenagers’ parttime employment and their work-related attitudes and aspirations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19 (2), 197-207.

Lyonette, C., Crompton, R. and Wall, K. (2007). Gender, occupational class and work-life conflict: a comparison of Britain and Portugal. Community, Work and Family, 10 (3), 283-308.

Machung, A. (1989). Talking career, thinking job: Gender differences in career and family expectations of Berkeley seniors. Feminist Studies, 15 (1), 35-58.

Macky, K., Gardner, D. and Forsyth, S. (2008). Generational differences at work: introduction and overview. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23 (8), 857-861.

Marini, M., Mooney, Fan, P., Finley, E. and Beutel, A. (1996). Gender and Job Values. Sociology of Education, 69 (1), 49-65.

Marston, C. (2007). Motivating the what’s in it for me? Workforce: manage across the generational divide and increase profits. Hoboken NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Martin, C. (2005). From high maintenance to high productivity: What managers need to know about Generation Y. Industrial and Commercial Training, 37 (1), 39-44.

Martin, C. and Tulgan, B. (2001). Managing Generation Y: global citizens born in the late seventies and early eighties, HRD Press Inc.

Martin, C. and Tulgan, B. (2004). Managing the generation mix, part II. Top Echelon Employers, October 2004, www.topechelon.com

McMahon, M. and Patton, W. (1997). Gender differences in children’s and adolescents’ perceptions of influences on their career development. School Counselor, 44, 368-376.

Messersmith, J. (2007). Managing work-life conflict among information technology workers. Human Resource Management, 46, (3), 429-451.

Morinaga, Y., Frieze, I. and Freligoj, A. (1993). Career plans and gender-role attitudes of college students in the United States, Japan and Slovenia. Sex Roles, 29, 317-334.

Murphy, K., Herr, B., Lockhart, M. and Maguire, E. (1986). Evaluating the performance of paper people. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71 (4), 654-661

Ng, E., Schweitzer, L. and Lyons, S. (2010). New generation, great expectations: A field study of the millennial generation. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25 (2), 281-292.

Noblet, A., Graffam, J. and McWilliams, J. (2008). Sources of well-being and commitment of staff in the Australian Disability Employment Services. Health & Social Care in the Community, 16 (2), 137-146.

Nord, W., Fox, S., Phoenix, A. and Viano, K. (2002). Real-world reactions to work-life balance programmes: Lessons for effective implementation. Organizational Dynamics, 30 (3), 223-238.

Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Paré, G. (2002). La génération Internet : un nouveau profil d’employés. Gestion, 27 (2), 47-53.

Perrons, D. (2003). The new economy and the worklife balance: Conceptual explorations and a case study of new media. Gender, Work and Organization, 10 (1), 65-93.

Perrien, J., Cheron, E. et Zins, M. (1984). Recherche en marketing, méthodes et décisions. Québec: Gaëtan Morin Editeur.

Platsidou, M. and Agaliotis, I. (2008). Burnout, job satisfaction and instructional assignment-related sources of stress in Greek special education teachers. International Journal of Disability, Development & Education, 55 (1), 61-76.

Powell, G. and Maineiro, L. (1992). Cross-currents in the river of time: conceptualising the complexities of women’s careers. Journal of Management, 18, 215-237.

Raines, C. (2002). Connecting generations: The sourcebook for a new workplace. Berkeley, CA: Crisp Publications.
Rau, B. L. and Hyland, M. (2002). Role conflict and flexible work arrangements: The effects on applicant attraction. Personnel Psychology, 55 (1), 111-136.

Ravlin, E. and Meglino, B. (1987). Effects of values on perception and decision making: A study of alternative work values measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 666-673.

Rawlins, C., Indvik, J. and Johnson, P. (2008). Understanding the new generation: what the Millennial cohort absolutely, positively must have at work. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, 12 (2), 1-8.

Ros, M., Schwartz, S. and Surkiss, S. (1999). Basic individual values, work values, and the meaning of work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48, 49-71.

Ryan, A., Kriska, D., West, B. and Sacco, J. (2001). Anticipated work/family conflict and family member views: Role in police recruiting. Policing, 24 (2), 228-239.

Sanders, M., Lengnick-Hall, M., Lengnick-Hall, C. and Steele-Clapp, I. (1998). Love and work: Career-family attitudes of new entrants to the workforce. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 603-619.

Schoon, I. and Parsons, S. (2002). Competence in the face of adversity: The influence of early family environment and long-term consequences. Children and Society, 16 (4), 260-272.

Sérieyx, H. (2002). Les jeunes et l´entreprise: des noces ambigës. Paris: Eyrolles.

Siegel, P., Post, C., Brockner, J., Fishman, A. and Garden, C. (2005). The moderating influence of procedural fairness on the relationship between work-life conflict and organizational commitment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90 (1), 13-24.

Smith, J. and Clurman, A. (1997). Rocking the ages: The Yankelovich report on generational marketing. New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.

Smola, K. and Sutton, C. (2002). Generational differences: Revisiting generational work values for the new millennium. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 363-382.

Spade, J.and Reese, C. (1991). We’ve come a long way, maybe: College students’ plans for work and family. Sex Roles, 24 (5/6), 309-321.

Steil, J. (2007). Dual career families: The challenges and complementary benefits of home and work. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31 (3), 326-327.

Sturges, J. and Guest, D. (2004). Working to live or living to work: Work/life balance and organizational commitment amongst graduates. Human Resource Management Journal, 14 (4), 5-20.

Super, D. (1957). The psychology of careers. New York: Harper & Row.

Thevenet, M. (2000). Le plaisir de travailler. Favoriser l´implication des personnes. Paris: Ed. D´Organisation.

Thornton, A. and Young-DeMarco, L. (2001). Four decades of trends in attitudes toward family issues in the United States: The 1960s through the 1990s. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63, 1009-1037.

Tulgan, B. (2009). Not everyone gets a trophy: How to manage generation Y. New York: JosseyBass.

Twenge, J. and Campbell, S. (2008). Generational differences in psychological traits and their impact on the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23 (8), 862-877

Twenge, J., Campbell, S., Hoffman, B. and Lance, C. (2010). Generational differences in work values: leisure and extrinsic values increasing, social and intrinsic values decreasing. Journal of Management, 36 (5), 1117-1142.

Twenge, J., Zhang, L. and Im, C. (2004). It’s beyond my control: A cross-temporal meta-analysis of increasing externality in locus of control, 1960- 2002. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8, 308-319.

Universum Student Survey (2011). US Undergraduate Edition. www.jmu.edu/.../Universum%20 2011%20JMU%...

Vandenberghe, C. (2004). Conserver ses employés productifs: Nature du problème et strategies d´intervention. Gestion, 29 (3), 54-63.

Wiersma, U. J. (1994). A taxonomy of behavioral strategies for coping with work-home conflict. Human Relations, 47 (2), 211-221.

Wong, M., Gardiner, E., Lang, W. and Coulon, L. (2008). Generational differences in personality and motivation. Do they exist and what are the implications for the workplace? Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23 (8), 878-890.

Zemke, R., Raines, C. and Filipczak, B.(2000). Generations at work: Managing the clash of veterans, boomers, Xers and Nexters in your workplace. New York: AMACOM Publications.

Zoll, R. (2001). Jeunes, sens du travail et nouvel individualisme en Allemagne. In Roulleau-Berger L., Gauthier, M. Les jeunes et l´emploi dans les villes d´Europe et Amérique du Nord. Editions de l´Aube, 261-272.
Cómo citar
Golik, M. (2013). Las expectativas de equilibrio entre vida laboral y vida privada y las elecciones laborales de la nueva generación. Cuadernos De Administración, 26(46), 107-133. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.cao26-46.eeev
Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a