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Joan Paola Cruz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5343-9055

William J. Guerrero Rueda https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9807-6593

Edna Rocío Pérez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0659-2794

David Leonardo Lizarazo Walteros https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4178-3617

Paula Carolina Rico Ardila https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1260-1236

Ana María Castillo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4166-8459

Laura Natalia Torres Tinjacá https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3734-8858

Resumen

Objetivo: Este artículo presenta un análisis de dos propuestas de regulación en respuesta a la creciente demanda de trasplantes de riñón en Colombia. Los resultados pueden ser útiles al evaluar esas posibles intervenciones en las políticas una vez han sido implementadas. Métodos: El modelo propuesto emplea la Dinámica de Sistemas como herramienta para entender el comportamiento de este complejo sistema social cuando se ejecutan dos proyectos de intervención. El primero es un proyecto de ley que buscan expandir la presunción legal de la donación del órgano. El segundo es la implementación de un Programa de intercambio de riñones (KEP). El análisis se realiza en dos partes: primero se propone un diagrama causal; en segundo lugar, se analiza la simulación del sistema usando un diagrama de existencias y flujos. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que los proyectos pueden equilibrar el sistema y motivar las donaciones. Conclusión: Se recomienda la implementación de un programa KEP dado que logra la estabilidad del sistema antes que la enmienda de las leyes, con una reducción en el tamaño de la lista de espera.

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Keywords

programa de intercambio de riñón, , modelos de Dinámica de Sistemas, atención médica, trasplante de riñón, sistema de obtención de órganos

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Cómo citar
Cruz, J., Guerrero Rueda, W., Pérez, E., Lizarazo Walteros, D., Rico Ardila, P., Castillo, A., & Torres Tinjacá, L. (2019). Sistema de obtención de riñones en Colombia: un enfoque basado en la Dinámica de Sistemas. Gerencia Y Políticas De Salud, 18(36), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.rgps18-36.kpsc
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