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Paola Sarmiento González https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9164-970X

Tania Catalina Chinchilla Salcedo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6534-6673

Cesar Augusto Niño Hernández https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7510-024X

Jorge Humberto Mayorga Álvarez https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8040-0378

Beatriz Sánchez Herrera https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8029-7187

Resumen

Se ha demostrado que el medio ambiente es definitivo en el desarrollo de los niños y niñas en edad escolar, y que este debe ser considerado para promover su salud. El presente estudio analizó la literatura mundial sobre promoción de la salud escolar en relación con el medio ambiente, mediante una búsqueda integradora que incluyó artículos indexados bajo los descriptores salud escolar, promoción de la salud y medio ambiente, entre 2014 y 2017, sin límites idiomáticos ni geográficos. De las 106 referencias reportadas, 40 que cumplieron criterios de selección se reportan con un análisis bibliométrico, la clasificación de ambiente, el nivel de evidencia y las categorías según su contenido. Aunque la evidencia reportada es débil, se ratifica que la promoción de la salud escolar se relaciona estrechamente con el medio ambiente en niveles que van desde el personal hasta el cultural y social. Los contenidos de esta literatura se agrupan en seis categorías: interacciones y comportamiento ciudadano, ambiente e hidratación, ambiente y actividad física, manejar condiciones especiales de salud, ambiente y nutrición, y políticas que promueven la salud en la escuela.

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Keywords
References
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Cómo citar
Sarmiento González, P., Chinchilla Salcedo, T., Niño Hernández, C., Mayorga Álvarez, J., & Sánchez Herrera, B. (2019). Promoción de la salud escolar y medio ambiente: revisión de la literatura. Gerencia Y Políticas De Salud, 18(37), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.rgps18-37.psem
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