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Lidiane Silva Dutra https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3350-1365

Aldo Pacheco Ferreira http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7122-5042

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la asociación entre el uso de plaguicidas y malformaciones congénitas en municipios brasileños con exposición por mayor producción de commodities agrícolas entre 1994 y 2014, así como evaluar la correlación entre la tendencia observada y el volumen de plaguicidas dados como disruptores endocrinos. Es un estudio transversal, de carácter exploratorio, descriptivo y cuantitativo. Se analizaron las informaciones de los nacidos vivos (SINASC/Ministerio de Salud), elaborándose tasas de malformaciones ocurridas de 1994-2003 y 2004-2014. La asociación entre los tipos de malformaciones y las variables fue probada por odds ratio. Se constató que las tasas referentes a las malformaciones congénitas fueron mayores para los años de mayor exposición (2004-2014) y tuvieron asociación estadísticamente significativa. Los resultados indicaron que las malformaciones congénitas identificadas en el sitio de estudio están fuertemente correlacionadas a exposición de plaguicidas.

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Keywords

malformaciones congénitas, plaguicidas, exposición ambiental, disruptores endocrinos, salud pública

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Cómo citar
Dutra, L., & Ferreira, A. (2019). Identificación de malformaciones congénitas asociadas a plaguicidas disruptores endocrinos en estados brasileños productores de granos. Gerencia Y Políticas De Salud, 18(36), 1-40. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.rgsp18-36.imcp
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