Published Jul 30, 2015


Google Scholar
Search GoogleScholar

María del Pilar Romero-Barreiro, BSc

Rubén Dario Pinilla-Castañeda, BSc

Carlos Alfonso Zafra-Mejía, PhD



Heavy metals associated with the road sediment can impair the quality of air, soil and vegetation of environment when they are suspended by the wind and turbulence induced by the traffic. Additionally, they can affect the wáter quality of the river systems when they are transported by the runoff. The objective of this paper is to present a temporary assessment (daily) of the heavy metals (Pb-Cu) concentration associated with the road sediment of the localities of Fontibón and Barrios Unidos (Bogotá D.C., Colombia). The concentration was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Previously the simples were digested in a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acid (3:1; aqua regia). The results show for the finest fraction of road sediment (≤ 63 μm), which is also the fraction with size closest to the potentially inhalable (≤ 10 μm), that the concentrations tend to increase in dry weather (Pb: 34%; Cu: 40%). The concentrations of Pb and Cu during this period are 1.59 and 5.30 times higher than the lowest limit value fixed by the administrations of Cataluña and Canada, respectively. The findings are a reference point for Colombia in order to publish legislation associated with this type of pollution (hazardous waste).


climatology, heavy metals, road-deposited sediment, urban pollutionClimatología, Contaminación urbana, Metales pesados, Sedimento vial

[1] H. Li, X. Qian, W. Hu, Y. Wang, and H. Gao, “Chemical speciation and human health risk of trace metals in urban street dusts from a metropolitan city, Nanjing, SE China”, Sci. Total Environ. vol. 456, no. 7, pp. 212-21, 2013.
[2] Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), Evaluación de los efectos de la contaminación del aire en la salud de América Latina y el Caribe. Washington: OPS, 2005.
[3] L. Giraldo, Estimación del inventario de emisiones de fuentes móviles para la ciudad de Bogotá e identificación de variables pertinentes. Bogotá: Universidad de los Andes, 2005.
[4] D. Meza, M. de la O., M. de la Parra, “Heavy metal distribution in dust from elementary schools in Hermosillo, Sonora, México”, Atmos. Environ. vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 276-288, 2007.
[5] Y. Tasdemir and C. Kural, “Atmospheric dry deposition fluxes of trace elements measured in Bursa, Turkey”, Environ. Pollut., vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 462-472, 2005.
[6] F. E. González, C. M. A. Tornero, C. Y. Ángeles, F. N. Bonilla, “Concentración total y especiación de metales pesados en biosólidos de origen urbano”, Rev. Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 15-22, 2009.
[7] E. Apeagyei, M. S. Bank, and J. D. Spengler, “Distribution of heavy metals in road dust along an urban-rural gradient in Massachusetts”, Atmos. Environ., vol. 45, no. 13, pp. 2310-2323, 2011.
[8] J. Q. Yuen, P. H. Olin, H. S. Lim, S. G. Benner, R. A. Sutherland, A. D. Ziegler, “Accumulation of potentially toxic elements in road deposited sediments in residential and light industrial neighborhoods of Singapore”, J. Environ. Manage., vol. 101, no. 6, pp. 151-163, 2012.
[9] S. Melaku, V. Morris, D. Raghavam, and C. Hosten, “Seasonal variation of heavy metals in ambient air and precipitation at single site in Washington, D.C.”, Environ. Pollut., vol. 155, no. 1, pp. 88-98, 2008.
[10] D. Wicke, T. A. Cochrane, and A. O’sullivan, “Build-up dynamics of heavy metals deposited on impermeable urban surfaces”, J. Environ. Manage., vol. 113, pp. 347-354, 2012.
[11] H. Zhao and X Li, “Understanding the relationship between heavy metals in roaddeposited sediments and washoff particles in urban stormwater using simulated rainfall”, J. Hazard Mater., vol. 246, no. 2, pp. 246-276, 2013.
[12] M. Legrte and C. Pagotto, “Evaluation of pollutant loadings in the runoff waters from a major rural highway”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 235, no. 1-3, pp. 143-150, 1999.
[13] F. Amato, M. Schaap, H. A. Denier van Der Gon, M. Pandolfi, A. Alastuey, M. Keuken, and. X. Querol, “Short-term variability of mineral dust, metals and carbon emission from road dust resuspension”, Atmos. Environ., vol. 74, no. 8, pp. 134-140, 2013.
[14] G. Mangani, A. Berloni, F. Bellucci, F. Tatano, and M. Maione, “Evaluation of the pollutant content in road runoff first flush waters”, Water Air Soil Poll., vol. 160, no. 1-4, pp. 213-228, 2005.
[15] D. Turer, “Effect of non-vehicular sources on heavy metal concentrations of roadside soils”, Water Air Soil Poll., vol. 166, no. 1-4, pp. 237-250, 2005.
[16] I. Gnecco, C. Berretta, L. G. Lanza, and P. La-Barbera, “Storm water pollution in the urban environment of Genoa, Italy”, Atmos. Res., vol. 77, no. 1-4, pp. 60-73, 2005.
[17] C. A. Zafra, J. Temprano, and. I. Tejero, “Distribution of the concentration of heavy metals associated with the sediment particles accumulated on road surface”, Environ. Technol., vol. 32, no. 9-10, pp. 997-1008, 2011.
[18] J. B. Ellis and D. M. Revitt, “Incidence of heavy metals in street surface sediments: Solubility and grain size studies”, Water Air Soil Poll., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 87-100, 1982.
[19] B. Bian and W. Zhu, “Particle size distribution and pollutants in road-deposited sediments in different areas of Zhenjiang, China”, Environ. Geochem. Hlth., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 511-520, 2009.
[20] R. T. Bannerman, D. W. Owens, R. B. Dodds, and N. J. Hornewer, “Sources of pollutants in Wisconsin stormwater”, Water Sci. Technol., vol. 28, no. 3-5, pp. 241-259, 1993.
[21] D. Drapper, R. Tomlinson, and P. Williams, “Pollutant concentrations in road runoff: Southeast Queensland case study”, J. Environ. Eng.-ASCE., vol. 126, no. 4, pp. 313-319, 2000.
[22] M. Barrett, P. Kearfott, and J. Malina, “Stormwater quality benefits of a porous friction course and its effect on pollutant removal by roadside shoulders”, Water Environ. Res. 2006, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 2177-85.
[23] L. Q. Li, C. Q. Yin, L. L. Kong, and Q. C. He, “Effect of antecedent dry weather period on urban storm runoff pollution load”, Chinese J. Environ. Sci., vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2287-2293, 2007.
[24] P. Tian, Y. Li, and Z. Yang, “Effect of rainfall and antecedent dry periods on heavy metal loading of sediments on urban roads”, Frontiers Earth Sci. China, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 297- 302, 2009.
[25] J. Vaze and H. S. Chiew, “Experimental study of pollutant accumulation on an urban road surface”, Urban Water, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 379-389, 2002.
[26] J. E. Ball, R. Jenks, and D. Aubourg, “An assessment of the availability of pollutant constituents on road surfaces”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 209, no. 2-3, pp. 243-254, 1999.
[27] A. Deletic and D. Orr, “Pollution buildup on road surfaces”, J. Environ. Eng.-ASCE, vol. 131, no. 1, pp. 49-59, 2005.
[28] C. A. Zafra, J. Temprano, and I. Tejero, “Particle size distribution of accumulated sediments on an urban road in rainy weather”, Environ. Technol., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 571-582, 2008.
[29] ISO, Standards handbook. 1st ed. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 2000, pp. 1-112.
[30] Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (Ideam), Características climatológicas de ciudades principales y municipios turísticos de Colombia, 2012 [online]. Disponible: %20turisticos2.pdf. Acceso 23 de feb 2012.
[31] H. Konno and S. Nonomura, “Sediment discharge on land grading areas in Kohoku, Japan, Urban stormwater quality, management, and planning”, en Proc. of the Second International Conference on Urban Storm Drainage, Water Resources Publications, B.C. Yen, eds., Colorado, USA, 1981, pp. 209-217.
[32] M. P. Barkdoll, D. E. Overton, and R. P. Betson, “Some effects of dustfall on urban stormwater quality”, Water Pollution Control, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1976-1984, 1977.
[33] R. M. Harrison and S. J. Wilson, “The chemical composition of highway drainage waters. II. Chemical associations of metals in the suspended sediment”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 43, no. 1-2, pp. 79-87, 1985.
[34] W. R. Selbig and R. T. Bannerman, Evaluation of street sweeping as a stormwaterqualitymanagement tool in three residential basins in Madison, Wisconsin. Virginia: U. S. GS, 2007.
[35] D. Shaheen, Contributions of urban roadway usage to water pollution. Washington: EPA, 1975.
[36] J. H. Lee, K. W. Bang, L. H. Ketchum, J. S. Choe, and M. J. Yu, “First flush analysis of urban storm runoff ”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 293, no. 1-3, pp. 163-175, 2002.
[37] W. Zhu, B. Bian, and L. Li, “Heavy metal contamination of road-deposited sediments in a medium size city of China”, Environ. Monit. Assess., vol. 147, no. 1-3, pp. 171-181, 2008.
[38] B. Helmreich, R. Hilliges, A. Schriewer, and H. Horn, “Runoff pollutants of a highly trafficked urban road–Correlation analysis and seasonal influences”, Chemosphere, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 991-997, 2010.
[39] Generalitat de Catalunya, Niveles genéricos de referencia (NGR), valores de los NGR para metales y metaloides y protección de la salud humana aplicables a Cataluña, 1st ed. Barcelona: Agencia de Residuos de Cataluña, 2006.
[40] Eusko-Legebiltzarra, Ley 1/2005. Prevención de la contaminación del suelo del País Vasco. 1st ed. Bilbao: Boletín Oficial del País Vasco, 2005, pp. 2124-2126.
[41] Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME), Recommended Canadian soil quality guidelines. 1st ed. Winipeg, 1997.
How to Cite
Romero-Barreiro, M. del P., Pinilla-Castañeda, R. D., & Zafra-Mejía, C. A. (2015). Temporal assessment of the heavy metals (Pb and Cu) concentration associated with the road sediment: Fontibón-Barrios Unidos (Bogotá D.C., Colombia). Ingenieria Y Universidad, 19(2), 69 - 87.