Publicado Sep 20, 2016


Google Scholar
Search GoogleScholar

Gabriel Lins de Holanda Coelho

Paul H. P. Hanel

Thiago Medeiros Cavalcanti

Alessandro Teixeira Rezende

Valdiney Veloso Gouveia



Se realizaron dos estudios buscando evidenciar la validez y confiabilidad de la Breve Escala de Resiliencia (BER) en Brasil. En el estúdio 1, 171 personas participaron (Edad M = 21.9, SD = 6.59) y 232 en el Estudio 2 (Edad M = 26.3, SD = 7.06). El análisis factorial confirmatório (AFC) apoya la solución unifactorial, con cinco ítems y fidedignidad satisfactoria (α = 0.76). Una AFC Multigrupo reveló la equivalencia de medición parcial entre la nuestra y la versión original (EUA) de la BER. La BER se correlaciona significativamente con positividad y rasgos de personalidad. La confiabilidad compuesta fue satisfactoria; la validez convergente, utilizando la varianza media extraída, fue ligeramente abajo de las recomendaciones. En general, los resultados muestran que la medida es psicométricamente adecuada para
la investigación en Brasil.


Resilience, validation, measures, factorial invariance.resiliencia, validación, medidas, invariancia factorial

Aamaas, A., Keenan, W. J. F., Sedmak, C., & Zijden, L. van der. (2011). Resilience and Unemployment: An Introduction. In A. Aamaas, W. J. F. Keenan, C. Sedmak, & L. van der Zijden (Eds.), Resilience and Unemployment (Vol. 4, pp. 7–17). Wien: Lit Verlag.

Ahern, N. R., Kiehl, E. M., Sole, M. L., & Byers, J. (2006). A review of instruments measuring resilience. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 29(2), 103–125.

Andrade, J. M. (2008). Evidências de validade do Inventário dos Cinco Grandes Fatores de Personalidade para o Brasil. Ph.D. thesis. Psychology Department, Brasília University, DF - Brazil. American Psychological Association. (2015). The road to resilience. Author. Retrieved from

Author (2013). Details omitted for blind reviewing.

Campbell, D. T., & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitraitmultimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56(2), 81–105.

Campbell-Sills, L., Cohan, S. L., & Stein, M. B. (2006). Relationship of resilience to personality, coping, and psychiatric symptoms in young adults. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(4), 585–599.

Caprara, G. V., Alessandri, G., Steca, P., Yamaguchi, S., Fukuzawa, A., Eisenberg, N.,... & Abela, J. (2012). The Positivity Scale. Psychological Assessment, 24, 701-712.

Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 464-504.

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112(1), 155–159.

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO FiveFactor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

Davidov, E., Meuleman, B., Cieciuch, J., Schmidt, P., & Billiet, J. (2014). Measurement Equivalence
in Cross-National Research. Annual Review of Sociology, 40(1), 55–75.

Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New
Well-Being Measures: Short Scales to Assess Flourishing and Positive and Negative Feelings.
Social Indicators Research, 143–156.

Hair, J. F. J., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R.E. (2015). Multivariate Data Analysis (7 edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

John, O. P., Donahue, E. M., & Kentle, R. L. (1991). The “Big Five” Inventory & Versions 4a and 54. Berkeley, University of California: Institute of Personality and Social Research.

Fonseca, P. N., Nascimento, B. S., Barbosa, L. H. G. M., Vione, K. C., & Gouveia, V. V. (2015). Flourishing Scale: Evidence of Its Suitability to the Brazilian Context. Social Inquiry into Well-Being, 1(2), 33–40.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50.

Friborg, O., Barlaug, D., Martinussen, M., Rosenvinge, J. H., & Hjemdal, O. (2005). Resilience in relation to personality and intelligence. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 14(1), 29–42.

Gouveia, V. V. (2013). Teoria funcionalista dos valores humanos: Fundamentos, aplicações e perspectivas. São Paulo: Casa do Psicólogo.

Kline, P. (2013). Handbook of Psychological Testing. Routledge.

Lang, D. (2010a). Defining “resilience”. A working paper. Retrieved from

Lang, D. (2010b). The concept of resilience as a source of insight for decent work and decent unemployment. In C. Bagusat, W. J. F. Keenan, & C. Sedmak (Eds.), Decent work and unemployment (Vol. 3). Wien: Lit.

Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American Psychologist,
56(3), 227–238.

Milfont, T. L., & Fischer, R. (2010). Testing measurement invariance across groups: Applications in
cross-cultural research. International Journal of Psychological Research, 3(1), 111–121.

Raîche, G., Walls, T. A., Magis, D., Riopel, M., & Blais, J. G. (2013). Non-Graphical Solutions for Cattell’s Scree Test. Methodology, 9(1), 23–29.

R Development Core Team. (2015). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Retrieved from

Richardson, G. E. (2002). The metatheory of resilience and resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 307–321.

Riolli, L., Savicki, V., & Cepani, A. (2002). Resilience in the face of catastrophe: Optimism, personality and coping in the Kosovo crisis. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32(8), 1604–1627.

Rosseel, Y. (2012). lavaan: An R Package for Structural Equation Modeling. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(2), 1–36.

Rutter, M. (1987). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57(3), 316–331.

Schmitt, D. P., Allik, J., McCrae, R. R., & Benet-Martínez, V. (2007). The Geographic Distribution of Big Five Personality Traits Patterns and Profiles of Human Self-Description Across 56 Nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38(2), 173–212.

Shi, M., Liu, L., Wang, Z. Y., & Wang, L. (2015). The Mediating Role of Resilience in the Relationship
between Big Five Personality and Anxiety among Chinese Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional
Study. PloS One, 10(3).

Smith, B. W., Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., Christopher, P., & Bernard, J. (2008). The brief resilience scale: Assessing the ability to bounce back. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15(3), 194–200.

Souza, R. V. L. de, Araújo, R. de C. R., Gouveia, R. S. V., Coelho, G. L. de H., & Gouveia, V. V. (2014). The Positivity Dimension of Well-Being: Adaptation and Psychometric Evidence of a Measure. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 24(59), 305–312.

Škerlavaj, M., & Dimovski, V. (2009). Organizational Learning and Performance in Two National Cultures: A Multi-group Structural Equation Modeling Approach. In W. R. King (Ed.), Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning (pp. 321–367). Springer US. Retrieved from http://link.springer. com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-0011-1_19

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics (6 edition). Pearson.

Tusaie, K., & Dyer, J. (2004). Resilience: a historical review of the construct. Holistic Nursing Practice, 18(1), 3–8; quiz 9–10.

Vandenberg, R. J., & Lance, C. E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance
literature: Suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3(1), 4–70. http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/109442810031002

Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (2001). Journeys from Childhood to Midlife: Risk, Resilience, and Recovery.Cornell University Press.

Youssef, C., & Luthans, F. (2007). Positive Organizational Behavior in the Workplace: The Impact of Hope, Optimism, and Resilience. Management Department Faculty Publications. Retrieved from
Cómo citar
Lins de Holanda Coelho, G., H. P. Hanel, P., Medeiros Cavalcanti, T., Teixeira Rezende, A., & Veloso Gouveia, V. (2016). Breve Escala de Resiliencia: Testando su estructura e invariancia factorial en Brazil. Universitas Psychologica, 15(2), 397–408.