Publicado Sep 20, 2016



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Alejandro Magallares

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Resumen

El ideal sociocultural femenino es ultra delgado, mientras que el ideal masculino tiene que ver con tener un cuerpo musculado. En este articulo se argumenta que estas diferencias pueden ser explicadas por las ideologías de genero que tienen hombres y mujeres. Los datos obtenidos de 615 mujeres estudiantes (con un Indice de Masa Corporal entre 18 y 30) mostraron que las participantes altas en una escala de ideología de género informaban de un mayor impulso a la delgadez y menos búsqueda de la muscularidad. Además, las mujeres con marcadores bajos en una escala de ideología de genero mostraban el patrón opuesto: puntuaciones altas de búsqueda de la muscularidad y bajas en impulso a la delgadez. Finalmente, se discute porqué hombres y mujeres adoptan diferentes estrategias para lidiar con estos ideales de belleza.

Keywords

búsqueda de la muscularidad, ideología de género, impulso a la delgadez, Indice de Masa Corporal, problemas alimentariosgender ideology, pursuit of muscularity, drive for thinness, disordered eating, body mass index

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Cómo citar
Magallares, A. (2016). Impulso a la delgadez y búsqueda de la muscularidad: el rol de las ideologías de género. Universitas Psychologica, 15(2), 353-360. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy15-2.dtpm
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