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Cristina Jenaro Río http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2060-1658

Noelia Flores Robaina http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9822-7235

Jesús López Lucas http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9114-2922

Resumen

Este estudio analiza las percepciones sociales hacia grupos con diferentes tipos de discapacidad, así como la relación entre los juicios hacia dichos grupos, uno mismo y otros significativos. La evaluación fue realizada mediante un Diferencial Semántico aplicado a 181 estudiantes universitarios. Los resultados apoyaron el Modelo de Contenido de los Estereotipos, pues los grupos con discapacidad fueron percibidos de una manera más uniforme que quienes no comparten esta etiqueta y las personas con discapacidad intelectual suscitaron sentimientos paternalistas. Los resultados avalaron además la adecuación de un modelo bifactorial para explorar el contenido de los estereotipos. Comprender los factores que contribuyen a la formación de los juicios sociales es clave para la puesta en marcha de acciones que modifiquen estereotipos y prejuicios y promuevan la equidad.

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Keywords

estereotipos, discapacidades, evaluación, diferencial semántico, actitudes

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Cómo citar
Jenaro Río, C., Flores Robaina, N., & López Lucas, J. (2018). Utilización de la técnica del diferencial semántico para evaluar estereotipos hacia personas con discapacidades: La relevancia de la calidez y competencia. Universitas Psychologica, 17(4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy17-4.usdt
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