Quality of Life in Aymara patients with schizophrenia in the Central-Southern Andes

Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Marine Alessandrini, Laurent Boyer


The study aimed to compare the quality of life (QoL) of patients with
schizophrenia belonging to the Aymara ethnic group from the Central-
Southern Andes, with Non-Aymara patients. This cross-sectional study
was conducted in three mental health clinics in Chile, Peru, and
Bolivia. The data included sociodemographic, clinical characteristics
and the QoL was assessed using the S-QoL18. Comparative analyses
explored QoL differences between Aymara and Non-Aymara patients.
Two hundred and fifty-three patients participated. Aymara had lower
QoL scores compared to Non-Aymara patients, for total Index, family
relationships, and sentimental life dimensions. Monthly family incomes
and disorder duration were significantly lower for Aymara patients. Our
study supported the hypothesis of poor QoL in Aymara patients with
schizophrenia, after considering other socio-demographic and clinical
variables such as the attitude to medication.

Palabras clave

Quality of Life; S-QoL18; Schizophrenia; Ethnicity; Ethnic minorities; Aymara; Andes.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-5.qlap

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