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Luis Alberto Quintana Salgado https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4355-6773

Luis Javier Espinoza Hernández

José Javier Rodríguez Vílchez

Carlos David Guerrero Midence

Harley José Rugama Díaz

Abstract

Background: Odontogenic cysts and tumors (OCTs) are an important group of oral pathologies. There are no epidemiological data of the frequency of these lesions among Nicaraguans. Purpose: To establish the relative frequency of OCTs in Nicaraguan population. Methods: This was a retrospective study in which excisional biopsy records of regional hospital pathology departments from the cities of León, Managua, Estelí, Matagalpa, and Jinotega, obtained between 2010 and 2016, were analyzed. The pathologies were classified using the World Health Organization 2017 guidelines. Data analysis was descriptive through relative frequencies. Results: There were 109 OCT cases (0.8 %) out of 13,102 reports reviewed. Distribution by sex was 50.9 % men and 49.9 % women, mainly in the 11-to-30-year age range. The most frequent cyst was  dentigerous cyst (69.5 %) and the most common odontogenic tumor was ameloblastoma (50 %), predominantly in the jaw. Conclusion: This study provides epidemiological information on OCTs from five Nicaraguan cities. These data are important to identify groups at risk and possible associated factors, and to implement differential diagnostic and adequate treatment systems.

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Keywords

ameloblastoma, dentigerous cyst, odontogenic cysts, odontogenic tumors, Nicaraguan population, dentistry, oral epidemiology, oral medicine

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How to Cite
Quintana Salgado, L., Espinoza Hernández, L., Rodríguez Vílchez, J., Guerrero Midence, C., & Rugama Díaz, H. (2018). Frequency of Odontogenic Cysts and Tumors in Nicaraguan Population. A Seven-Year Retrospective Study. Universitas Odontologica, 37(78). https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.uo37-78.qtop
Section
Public Health and Oral Epidemiology
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