Characterization of Cleft Lip/Palate Patients seen at Universidad del Valle’s Hospital between 2002 and 2011

Andrés Felipe Lozada Agredo, Aura Patricia Marroquín Rincón, Angela Maria Duque Borrero

Abstract


Background: A retrospective transversal descriptive study was carried out with medical records of children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) seen at the Universidad del Valle’s Hospital (Cali, Colombia) between 2002 and 2011. Purpose: To describe socio-demographic and maternal characteristics, pregnancy risks, and clinical characteristics of affected structures of children with CLP. Methods: 170 medical records of children with CLP (105 boys and 65 girls) were reviewed. A form was designed to collect information about associated syndromes, type of anomaly, medical background of the mother, socioeconomic status, and medications taken during the first trimester of pregnancy. Results: There were associated syndromes in 4 % of the patients. Left lip-palate fissure (LPF) was the most prevalent in both sexes. Hypertension was the main antecedent (9%) among mothers, prevalence of left FLP in both genders, medical history of hypertension in 9% of mothers. 42% of the population belonged to the stratum 1 (low-low) socioeconomic, which in Colombia is determined through the utility bills. There were not important findings regarding medications. Conclusions: Most of the cases of CLP were non-syndromic, males were most affected, and left unilateral FLP was the most prevalent.

KEYWORDS
cleft lip; cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; lip-palate fissure; craniofacial anomalies


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