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Luis Miguel Tovar Cuevas https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1257-8267

María Teresa Victoria Paredes https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8169-2878

Camilo Zarama https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6483-1976

Matheo Arellano Morales https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3460-8052

Resumen

Este trabajo representa una reseña sistemática de la literatura que estudia el efecto de la migración internacional sobre la salud de los hogares en los países de origen y en los migrantes retornados. El efecto se debe a: 1) las remesas, 2) la transferencia de ideas, hábitos y normas de conducta, y 3) la experiencia migratoria previa de los migrantes retornados. Aspectos de la salud que pueden verse afectados son la tasa de fertilidad, la condición general de salud, el acceso a los servicios de salud, la salud mental, la expectativa de vida, las medidas antropométricas y la nutrición, los gastos en salud, los factores de riesgo o los factores de protección de la salud. La búsqueda incluyó artículos y documentos publicados entre enero de 2000 y agosto de 2017, escritos en inglés o español, incluidos en las bases de datos Jstor, Proquest, IDEAS-RePec, Scielo, Google Scholar y PubMed. Con base en metodologías cuantitativas y cualitativas, los 85 artículos seleccionados encontraron efectos positivos y/o negativos sobre la salud de los niños, adolescentes, mujeres, adultos mayores y migrantes retornados. Esta revisión sistemática ofrece una amplia mirada a los efectos de la migración internacional sobre la salud de quienes se quedan, cosa que resulta útil para quienes crean las políticas y para los investigadores. No todos los hallazgos son consistentes y, por consiguiente, se necesita más investigación sobre el asunto considerando los enfoques cualitativos.

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Keywords

emigración, retorno, inmigración, salud mental, salud infantil, salud del adulto, condición de salud, accesibilidad a los servicios de salud, factores de riesgo

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Cómo citar
Tovar Cuevas, L., Victoria Paredes, M., Zarama, C., & Arellano Morales, M. (2019). La migración internacional y la salud en los países de origen. El efecto sobre los hogares por los migrantes y/o receptores de las remesas y sobre los migrantes retornados. Una revisión sistemática. Gerencia Y Políticas De Salud, 18(37), 1-33. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.rgps18-37.imhc
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