Published May 30, 2014


Google Scholar
Search GoogleScholar

Monica Julieth Valencia-Botero, MSc

Luis Eduardo Rincón-Pérez, PhD

Carlos Ariel Cardona-Alzate, PhD



The bioenergy (especially biofuels) production and usehas been worldly encouraged as a possible solution for theenergy crisis caused by fossil fuel extraction and burnt.However, some intrinsic features of the biofuels supplychain generate notable uncertainties. The land use changecan be considered a key issue of the feedstock productionstage. In this work, the carbon replacement time wascalculated for the cases of the oil palm growing in soils forforest, degraded lands and marginal lands. Most cultivatedlands are required to increase the biodiesel production inColombia. Additionally, the greenhouse gas emission fromthe land use change was calculated, when the palm cropsare extended to achieve B20 blends. The results indicatedthat the palm crop growing on degraded and marginallands, as well as palm cultivated in Eastern zone, do notgenerate carbon debt. Moreover, oil palm growing underthese conditions helps to increase the carbon captures ofthese lands. The Eastern zone shows the highest carboncapture power.


carbon replacement time, land use change, palm oil biodiesel, Diesel fuels, vegetable oils as fuel, palm-oil, crop rotationBiodiésel a partir de palma, cambio en el uso de la tierra, tiempo de reposición, tiempo de reposiciónaceites vegetales como combustibles, aceite de palma, rotación de cultivos

ACHTEN, W. M. J.; TRABUCCO, A.; MAES, W. H. et al. Global greenhouse gas implications of land conversion to biofuel crop cultivation in arid and semi-arid lands – lessons learned from Jatropha. Journal of Arid Environments. 2013, vol. 98, pp. 135-145.
AWUDU, I. y ZHANG, J. Uncertainties and sustainability concepts in biofuel supply chain management: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2012, vol. 16, núm. 2, pp. 1359-1368.
BENNDORF, R.; FEDERICI, S.; FORNER, C.; RAMETSTEINER, E.; SANZ, M. J. y SOMOGY, Z. Including land use, land-use change, and forestry in future climate change, agreements: thinking outside the box. Environmental Science & Policy. 2007, vol. 10, núm. 4, pp. 283-294.
BÖRJESSON, P. y TUFVESSON, L. M. Agricultural crop-based biofuels - resource efficiency and environmental performance including direct land use changes. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2011; vol. 19, núms. 2-3, pp. 108-120.
CARRIQUIRY, M. A.; DU, X. y TIMILSINA, G. R. Second generation biofuels: economics and policies. Energy Policy. 2011, vol. 39, núm. 7, pp. 4222-4234.
CHERUBINI, F. y STRØMMAN, A. H. Life cycle assessment of bioenergy systems: state of the art and future challenges. Bioresource Technology. 2011, vol. 102, núm. 2, pp. 437-451.
CHIARAMONTI, D. y RECCHIA, L. Is life cycle assessment (LCA) a suitable method for quantitative CO2 saving estimations? The impact of field input on the LCA results for a pure vegetable oil chain. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2010, vol. 34, núm. 5, pp. 787-797.
DE SOUZA, S. P.; PACCA, S.; DE ÁVILA, M. y BORGES, J. L. Greenhouse gas emissions and energy balance of palm oil biofuel. Renewable Energy. 2010, vol. 35, núm. 11, pp. 2552-2561.
DELUCCHI, M. A. Impacts of biofuels on climate change, water use, and land use. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2010, vol. 1195, núm. 1, pp. 28-45.
FARGIONE, J.; HILL, J.; TILMAN, D.; POLASKY, S. y HAWTHORNE, P. Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt. Science. 2008, vol. 319, núm. 5867, pp. 1235-1238.
FEDERACIÓN NACIONAL DE BICOMBUSTIBLES. Cifras informativas del sector biocombustibles: biodiésel a partir de aceite de palma. Bogotá, 2012.
FOX, J.; YOSI, C.; NIMLAGO, P. et al. Estimating CO2 emissions associated with selective timber harvesting and oil palm conversion in Papua New Guinea. Melbourne: The University of Melboure, 2009.
GIBBS, H. K.; JOHNSTON, M.; FOLEY, J. A. et al. Carbon payback times for crop-based biofuel expansion in the tropic: the effects on changing yield and technology. Environmental Research Letters. 2008, vol. 3, pp. 1-10.
GUINÉE, J.; HEIJUNGS, R. y VAN DER VOET, E. A greenhouse gas indicator for bioenergy: some theoretical issues with practical implications. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 2009, vol. 14, núm. 4, pp. 328-339.
INSTITUTO INTERAMERICANO DE COOPERACIÓN PARA LA AGRICULTURA. Cultivo de la palma aceitera. Guía técnica. Managua, 2006.
LIZARAZO, I. y ALFONSO, O. Aplicaciones de la agricultura de precisión en palma de aceite Elaeis guineensis e híbrido O X G. Revista de Ingeniería Universidad de los Andes. 2011, núm. 33, pp. 124-130.
MÁRQUEZ, G. Mapa Colombia: cobertura de vegetación actual [documento en línea]. 2012. [consulta: 31-03-2012].
PIEMONTE, V. y GIRONI, F. Land-use change emissions: how green are the bioplastics? Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy. 2010, vol. 30, núm. 4, pp. 685-691.
RAJAGOPAL, D.; HOCHMAN, G. y ZILBERMAN, D. Indirect Fuel Use Change (IFUC) and the lifecycle environmental impact of biofuel policies. Energy Policy. 2011, vol. 39, núm. 1, pp. 228-233.
RAVINDRANATH, N. H.; SITA LAKSHMI, C.; MANUVIER, R. y BALACHANDRA, P. Biofuel production and implications for land use, food production and environment in India. Energy Policy. 2011, vol. 39, núm. 10, pp. 5737-5745.
RINCÓN, L. E. Analysis of technological schemes for the efficient production of added value products from Colombian oleochemical feedstocks. Manizales: Department of Electronic Engineering, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2012.
SÁNCHEZ, O. J.; CARDONA, C. A. y SÁNCHEZ, D. L. Análisis de ciclo de vida y su aplicación en la producción de bioetanol: una aproximación cualitativa. Revista Universidad EAFIT. 2007, vol. 43, núm. 146, pp. 59-79.
THE GAIA FUNDATION. Los agrocombustibles y el mito de las tierras marginales. Indonesia. s. l.: The Gaia Fundation-Biofuelwatch-African Biodiversity Network-Salva La Selva-Watch Indonesia-Econexus, 2008.
UNIDAD DE PLANEACIÓN MINERO ENERGÉTICA. Proyección de demanda de biocombustibles líquidos y GNV en Colombia. Bogotá: Ministerio de Minas y Energía-Unidad de Planeación Minero Energética, 2012.
WICKE, B.; SIKKEMA, R.; DORNBURG, V. y FAAIJ, A. Exploring land use changes and the role of palm oil production in Indonesia and Malaysia. Land Use Policy. 2011, vol. 28, núm. 1, pp. 193-206.
How to Cite
Valencia-Botero, M. J., Rincón-Pérez, L. E., & Cardona-Alzate, C. A. (2014). Effect of change in land use due to oil palm cultivation for biodiesel production in Colombia. Ingenieria Y Universidad, 18(1), 91–102.