Published May 30, 2014



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Monica Julieth Valencia-Botero, MSc

Luis Eduardo Rincón-Pérez, PhD

Carlos Ariel Cardona-Alzate, PhD

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Abstract

The bioenergy (especially biofuels) production and usehas been worldly encouraged as a possible solution for theenergy crisis caused by fossil fuel extraction and burnt.However, some intrinsic features of the biofuels supplychain generate notable uncertainties. The land use changecan be considered a key issue of the feedstock productionstage. In this work, the carbon replacement time wascalculated for the cases of the oil palm growing in soils forforest, degraded lands and marginal lands. Most cultivatedlands are required to increase the biodiesel production inColombia. Additionally, the greenhouse gas emission fromthe land use change was calculated, when the palm cropsare extended to achieve B20 blends. The results indicatedthat the palm crop growing on degraded and marginallands, as well as palm cultivated in Eastern zone, do notgenerate carbon debt. Moreover, oil palm growing underthese conditions helps to increase the carbon captures ofthese lands. The Eastern zone shows the highest carboncapture power.

Keywords

carbon replacement time, land use change, palm oil biodiesel, Diesel fuels, vegetable oils as fuel, palm-oil, crop rotationBiodiésel a partir de palma, cambio en el uso de la tierra, tiempo de reposición, tiempo de reposiciónaceites vegetales como combustibles, aceite de palma, rotación de cultivos

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How to Cite
Valencia-Botero, M. J., Rincón-Pérez, L. E., & Cardona-Alzate, C. A. (2014). Effect of change in land use due to oil palm cultivation for biodiesel production in Colombia. Ingenieria Y Universidad, 18(1), 91 - 102. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.iyu18-1.eclu
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