This article presents the process for making a mathematical model for the production of traditional roof slabs, as used in southeastern Mexico. This type of slab is the one most frequently used in large-scale affordable housing construction in this region; thus, the study of the process involved in its production is of great interest and importance, in case it should be compared with other types of construction methods. The job sampling technique was used to identify the stages of the process and their durations. A comparative table of durations was obtained and an analysis of factors under different probability distributions was performed. For each operation in the production process, the probability distribution most adequate for the population was chosen. Finally, a graphical model of operations was made using EzStrobe©. It was concluded that the large number of activities involved in this method makes its representation difficult. However, a representation of the process can be formulated for simulation purposes.
Trusses, slabs, computer simulation, building materialsVigas de celosía, losas, simulación por computadores, materiales de construcción
KAMAT, V. R. and MARTÍNEZ, J. C. Dynamic 3D Visualization of Articulated Construction Equipment. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE. 2005, vol. 19, núm. 4, pp. 356-368.
LAW, A. and KELTON, D. Simulation Modeling and Analysis. 3rd ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000.
LEACH, N.; BARRETT, K., and MORGAN, G. SPSS for Intermediate Statistics. Use and Interpretation. 3rd ed. Denver: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2007. 288 p. ISBN 978-0805862676.
MARTÍNEZ, J. C. EZStrobe: General-purpose Simulation System based on Activity Cycle Diagrams. 33nd Conference on Winter Simulation. Arlington, Va., December 9-12, 2001. Arlington: Inst Elect & Electronic Engineers. ISBN-10: 0-7803-7309-X.
SOSA CANTO, J. A. Evaluación técnico-económica entre dos tipos de losa mediante un proceso de simulación [tesis de Maestría]. Mérida: Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, 2005.
SOSA CANTO, J. A.; BAEZA PEREYRA, J. R., y ARCUDIA ABAD, C. E. Modelo para simulación computarizado del proceso constructivo de la losa prefabricada L-18. Ingeniería y Universidad. 2007, vol. 11, núm. 1, pp. 71-87.
TUN T., J. F. Fallas estructurales típicas de la región yucateca [monografía]. Mérida: Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, 1996.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.