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Manuel Soriano-Ferrer https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5836-4697

Joyce Echegaray-Bengoa https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-7170

Resumen

Los estudios que han comparado los conocimientos que tienen los profesores sin experiencia (PSE) y los profesores con experiencia profesional (PCE) sobre el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad (TDAH) han mostrado resultados contradictorios. Además, el papel que tiene la experiencia docente con niños con TDAH sobre los conocimientos, la autoeficacia y el estrés docente no ha sido abordado en los estudios previos. Por ello, el presente estudio pretende: a) comparar los conocimientos, las creencias erróneas y las lagunas de conocimiento de los PCE y PSE de España, acerca del TDAH; b) analizar la experiencia de los PCE con niños con TDAH y la relación con los conocimientos, la autoeficacia, y el estrés docente; c) analizar las relaciones de los conocimientos acerca del TDAH con las variables sociodemográficas. Participaron 134 PSE y 115 PCE. Cumplimentaron la Escala de Conocimientos sobre el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (Kadds), el Índice de Estrés Docente (ITS) y un cuestionario de información sociodemográfica. Los resultados indican que los conocimientos de ambos grupos son similares, aunque los PSE obtuvieron más aciertos sobre síntomas/diagnóstico y los PCE presentaron más creencias erróneas en la escala total y sobre síntomas/diagnóstico. Los PCE que tuvieron experiencia con niños con TDAH experimentaron mayor nivel de estrés docente y mayor autoeficacia. Los conocimientos sobre el TDAH correlacionaron con las asignaturas de carrera, los cursos sobre TDAH y los años de experiencia profesional.

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Keywords

conocimientos, TDAH, creencias erróneas, profesores, autoeficacia, estrés docente

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Cómo citar
Soriano-Ferrer, M., & Echegaray-Bengoa, J. (2019). Incidencia de la experiencia docente con el TDAH en los conocimientos, la autoeficacia y los niveles de estrés docente. Universitas Psychologica, 18(4), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-4.iedt
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