Publicado Oct 16, 2019



PLUMX
Almetrics
 
Dimensions
 

Google Scholar
 
Search GoogleScholar
Descargas


Joaquín García-Alandete https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0769-4060

César Rubio-Belmonte https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0689-4984

Beatriz Soucase Lozano https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3385-960X

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Resumen

La orientación religiosa personal, entendida como la motivación subyacente a las conductas religiosas, debe ser considerada como el proceso que dirige y organiza la conducta de las personas religiosas. Identificar la dimensionalidad de la religiosidad parece, pues, ser importante. Este trabajo analiza la validez estructural y la consistencia interna de la Escala de Orientación Religiosa de Batson y Ventis de 31 ítems (ROS-31). Participaron 529 universitarios españoles con edades entre los 18 y los 55 años, M = 21.55, SD = 4.39. Se llevó a cabo un Análisis de Componentes Principales con rotación Equamax de la ROS-31 con el 50% aleatorio de la muestra, obteniendo un modelo de 3 componentes y 21 ítems (orientación religiosa intrínseca, extrínseca y de búsqueda). Un Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio con el otro 50% aleatorio de la muestra mostró un ajuste adecuado del modelo, SBχ2(186) = 352.45, p < 0.01, CFI = 0.93, IFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.059 (IC 90% [0.049, 0.067]). La escala de religiosidad intrínseca mostró una consistencia interna excelente, la de búsqueda una consistencia interna buena y la extrínseca una consistencia interna aceptable. Se sugieren líneas futuras de investigación en orden a clarificar la relación entre las escalas de orientación religiosa y algunas variables psicosociales.

Keywords

escala de orientación religiosa, validez de constructo, análisis factorial exploratorio, análisis factorial confirmatorio, consistencia interna, católicosreligious orientation scale, construct validity, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, catholic people

References
Allen, R. O., & Spilka, B. (1967). Committed and Consensual Religion: A Specification of Religion-Prejudice Relationships. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 6(2), 191-206. https://doi.org/10.2307/1384046

Allport, G. W. (1950). The individual and his religion. New York, NY: MacMillan.

Allport, G. W., & Ross, J. M. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5(4), 432-443. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0021212

Altemeyer, B., & Hunsberger, B. (1992). Authoritarianism, Religious Fundamentalism, Quest, and Prejudice. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2(2), 113-133. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr0202_5

Barrett, D. W., Patock-Peckham, J. A., Hutchinson, G. T., & Nagoshi, C. T. (2005). Cognitive motivation and religious orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(2), 461-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.004

Batson, C. D. (1976). Religion as prosocial: Agent or double agent? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 15(1), 29-45. https://doi.org/10.2307/1384312

Batson, C. D., & Schoenrade, P. A. (1991a). Measuring Religion as Quest: 1) Validity Con-cerns. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 30(4), 416-429. https://doi.org/10.2307/1387277

Batson, C. D., & Schoenrade, P. A. (1991b). Measuring Religion as Quest: 2) Reliability Concerns. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 30(4), 430-447. https://doi.org/10.2307/1387278

Batson, C. D., & Ventis, W. L. (1982). The religious experience: A social-psychological per-spective. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Batson, C. D., & Ventis, W. L. (1985). Misconception of quest: A reply to Hood and Morris. Review of Religious Research, 26(4), 398-407. https://doi.org/10.2307/3511053

Batson, C. D., Schoenrade, P. A., & Ventis, W. L. (1993). Religion and the individual: A so-cial-psychological perspective. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Beck, R., Baker, L., Robbins, M., & Dow, S. (2001). A second look at Quest motivation: Is Quest unidimensional or multidimensional? Journal of Psychology and Theology, 29(2), 148-157. https://doi.org/10.1177/009164710102900206

Beck, R., & Jessup, R. K. (2004). The Multidimensional Nature of Quest Motivation. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 32(4), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.1037/t22533-000

Bentler, P. M. (2006). EQS (Version 6.1) [Computer software]. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.

Brewczynski, J., & MacDonald, D. A. (2006). Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Allport and Ross Religious Orientation Scale with a Polish Sample. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 16(1), 63-76. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr1601_6

Brown, T. A. (2015). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Brown, S. R., & Westman, A. (2011). Refining Christian Religious Orientations through Cluster Analyses. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 33(2), 229-239. https://doi.org/10.1163/157361211X570056

Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bol-len & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing Structural Equation Models (pp. 136-162). Newbury Parck, CA: Sage.

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Erlbaum.

Darvyri, P., Galanakis, M., Avgoustidis, A. G., Pateraki1, N., Vasdekis, S., & Darviri, C. (2014). The Revised Intrinsic/Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale in a Sample of Atti-ca’s Inhabitants. Psychology, 5(13), 1557-1567. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.513166

Donahue, M. J. (1985). Intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness: review and meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(2), 400-419. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.48.2.400

Feagin, J. R. (1964). Prejudice and Religious Types: A Focused Study of Southern Funda-mentalists. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 4(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.2307/1385200

Flere, S., & Lavrič, M. (2008). Is intrinsic religious orientation a culturally specific American Protestant concept? The fusion of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation among non-Protestants. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38(3), 521-530. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.437

Flere, S., Edwards, K. J., & Klanjsek, R. (2008). Religious Orientation in Three Central Euro-pean environments: Quest, Intrinsic, and Extrinsic Dimensions. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 18(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508610701719280

Francis, L. J. (2007). Introducing the New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO): Concep-tualization and measurement. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 10(6), 585-602. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670601035510

García-Alandete, J., & Bernabé, G. (2013). Religious orientation and psychological well-being among Spanish undergraduates. Acción Psicológica, 10(1), 133-148. https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.10.1.7040

García-Alandete, J., Rosa, E., Sellés, P., & Soucase, B. (2013). Orientación religiosa y sentido de la vida [Religious Orientation and Meaning in Life]. Universitas Psychologica, 12(2), 363-374. https://doi.org/10.1114 4/ Javeriana.UPSY12-2.orsv

Ghorbani, N., Watson, P. J., Gharamaleki, A. F., Morris, R. J., & Hood, R. W. (2002). Mus-lim-Christian Religious Orientations Scale: Distinction, correlations, and cross-cultural analysis in Iran and the United States. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 12(2), 69-91. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1202_01

Gorsuch, R. L., & McPherson, S. E. (1989). Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E revised and single-item scales. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28(3), 348-354. https://doi.org/10.2307/1386745

Gorsuch, R. L., & Venable, G. D. (1983). Development of an “Age Universal” I-E Scale. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 22(2), 181-187. https://doi.org/10.2307/1385677

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. M., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2017). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (2006). Multivariate Data Analy-sis (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hunt, R. A., & King, M. B. (1971). The intrinsic-extrinsic concept: A review and evaluation. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 10(4), 339-356. https://doi.org/10.2307/1384780

IBM. (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.

Jaume, L., Simkin, H., & Etchezahar, E. (2013). Religious as quest and its relationship with intrinsic and extrinsic orientation. International Journal of Psychological Research, 6(2), 71-78. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.org.co/pdf/ijpr/v6n2/v6n2a08.pdf

Johnstone, B., Yoon, D. P., Cohen, D., Schopp, L. H., McCormack, G., Campbell, J., & Smith, M. (2012). Relationships among Spirituality, Religious Practices, Personality Fac-tors, and Health for Five Different Faith Traditions. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(4), 1017-1041. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-012-9615-8.

Khodadady, E., & Bagheri, N. (2012). Construct Validation of a Modified Religious Orientation Scale within an Islamic Context. International Journal of Business and Social Sci-ence, 3(11), 237-246. Retrieved from http://www.ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol_3_No_11_June_2012/26.pdf

Khodadady, E., & Golparvar, E. (2011). Factors underlying religious orientation scale: A methodological approach. Ilahiyat Studies: A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies, 2(2), 215235. https://doi.org/10.12730/13091719.2011.22.38

Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1989). A Psychometrick Analysis of the Allport-Ross and Feagin Measures of Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religious Orientation. In D. O. Moberg & M. L. Lynn (Eds.), Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 1 (pp. 1-30). Greenwich, UK: JAI Press.

Kirkpatrick, L. A., & Hood, R. W. (1990). Intrinsic-Extrinsic religious orientation: The boon or bane of contemporary psychology of religion? Journal for the Scientific Study of Reli-gion, 29(4), 442-462. https://doi.org/10.2307/1387311

Klaassen, D. W., & McDonald, M. J. (2002). Quest and identity development: Re-examining pathways for existential search. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 12(3), 189-200. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1203_05

Kojetin, B. A., McIntosh, D. N., Bridges, R. A., & Spilka, B. (1987). Quest: Constructive Search or Religious Conflict? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 26(1), 111- https://doi.org/115. doi:10.2307/1385845

Kristensen, K. B., Pedersen, D. M., & Williams, R. N. (2002). Profiling religious maturity: The relationship of religious attitude components to religious orientations. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 40(1), 75-86. https://doi.org/10.1111/0021-8294.00039

Leak, G. K. (2011). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Quest Religious Orientation Scale. Social Behavior and Personality, 39(9), 1289-1290. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.9.1289

Liu, C. C. (2010). The Relationship between Personal Religious Orientation and Emotional intelligence. Social Behavior and Personality, 38(4), 461-468. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2010.38.4.461

Maltby, J. (1998). Religious Orientation and Rigidity. The Journal of Psychology, 132(6), 674-676. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223989809599299

Maltby, J. (1999a). The internal structure of a derived, revised, and amended measure of the Religious Orientation Scale: the ‘Age-Universal’ I-E Scale-12. Social Behaviour and Per-sonality, 27(4), 407-412. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1999.27.4.407

Maltby, J. (1999b). Personality Dimensions of Religious Orientation. The Journal of Psychol-ogy, 133(6), 631-640. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223989909599769

Maltby, J. (2002). The Age Universal I-E Scale-12 and orientation toward religion: Confirma-tory factor analysis. The Journal of Psychology, 136(5), 555-560. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980209605550

Maltby, J., & Day, L. (1998). Amending a measure of the Quest religious orientation: applica-bility of the scale's use among religious and non-religious persons. Personality and Indi-vidual Differences, 25(3), 517-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00078-6

Maltby, J., & Lewis, C. A. (1996). Measuring intrinsic and extrinsic orientation toward reli-gion: Amendments for its use among religious and non-religious samples. Personality and Individual Differences, 21(6), 937-946. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(96)00154-7

Maltby, J., Lewis, C. A., Freeman, A., Day, L., Cruise, S. M., & Breslin, M. J. (2010). Reli-gion and health: The application of a cognitive-behavioural framework. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13(7-8), 749-759. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670802596930

Miner, M. H. (2008). Healthy questing and mature religious reflection: Critique, antecedents, and relevance of attachment theory? Journal of Psychology and Theology, 36(3), 222-233. https://doi.org/10.1177/009164710803600305

Neyrinck, B., Lens, W., Vansteenkiste, M., & Soenens, B. (2010). Updating Allport's and Batson's Framework of Religious Orientations: A Reevaluation from the Perspective of Self-Determination Theory and Wulff's Social Cognitive Model. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 49(3), 425-438. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2010.01520.x

Núñez-Alarcón, M., Moreno-Jiménez, M. P., Moral-Toranzo, F., & Sánchez, M. (2011). Vali-dation of a religious orientation scale in Christian and Muslim samples. Metodología de Encuestas, 13, 97-119. Retrieved from http://casus.usal.es/pkp/index.php/MdE/issue/view/144

Ramírez, M. C. (2006). Una adaptación española de la Escala de Orientación Religiosa de Batson y Ventis [A Spanish adaptation of the Batson and Ventis’ Religious Orientation Scale]. Revista de Psicología General y Aplicada, 59(1-2), 309-318. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313377133_Una_adaptacion_espanola_de_la_Escala_de_Orientacion_Religiosa_de_Batson_y_Ventis

Ryan, R. M., Rigby, S., & King, K. (1993). Two types of religious internalization and their relations to religious orientations and mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(3), 586-596. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.3.586

Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (2001). A scaled difference chi-square test statistic for moment structure analysis. Psychometrika, 66(4), 507-514. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02296192

Simkin, H., & Etchezahar, E. (2013). The Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientations: Vali-dation of the “Age Universal” I-E Scale in the Argentinian Context. Psykhe, 22(1), 97-106. https://doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.22.1.477

Spilka, B., Kojetin, B. A., & McIntosh, D. N. (1985). Forms and Measures of Personal Faith: Questions, Correlates, and Distinctions. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 24(4), 437-442. https://doi.org/10.2307/1385997

Voci, A., Bosetti, G., & Veneziani, C. A. (2017). Measuring religion as end, means, and quest: The Religious Life and Orientation Scale. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 24, 83-98, https://doi.org/10.4473/TPM24.1.5

Watson, P. J., Morris, R. J., & Hood, R. W. (1989). Interactional factor correlations with Means and End religiousness. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28(3), 337-347. https://doi.org/10.2307/1386744

Watson, P. J., Hood, R.W., Morris, R. J., & Hall, J. R. (1984). Empathy, Religious Orienta-tion, and Social Desirability. The Journal of Psychology, 117(2), 211-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1984.9923679

Watson, P. J., Morris, R. J., & Hood, R. W. (1992). Quest and identity within a religious ideological surround. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 20(4), 376-388. https://doi.org/10.1177/009164719202000405
Cómo citar
García-Alandete, J., Rubio-Belmonte, C., & Soucase Lozano, B. (2019). Escala de Orientación Religiosa revisada en católicos españoles: validez estructural y consistencia interna de un modelo de 21 ítems. Universitas Psychologica, 18(3), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-3.rosr
Sección
Artículos

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a