Publicado Dec 15, 2021



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Joaquín García-Alandete https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0769-4060

Sandra Pérez Rodríguez

José Heliodoro Marco

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Resumen

Se analizan las diferencias en sentido de la vida (SV) en personas diagnosticadas con trastorno mental. Participaron 157 pacientes españoles (28 hombres, 17.83%, y 129 mujeres, 82.17%) con edades entre los 13 y los 68 años (M = 32.58, DT = 13.34) y con diagnóstico de trastorno del espectro esquizofrénico (n = 20), de la conducta alimentaria (n = 85), ansiedad (n = 28) y depresivo mayor (n = 24). Se utilizó una adaptación española del test del Propósito de Vida, que mostró una excelente consistencia interna, v = 0.91. Un análisis de covarianza mostró un efecto significativo del diagnóstico sobre el SV (F(4, 192) = 27.08, p = 0.000, h2 = 0.371), tras controlar los efectos de género (F(1, 192) = 2.34, p = 0.128), edad (F(1, 192) = 0.58, p = 0.447) y tiempo de evolución del trastorno (F(1, 192) = 0.29, p = 0.589). El test de Bonferroni mostró diferencias significativas entre los grupos esquizofrénico y alimentario y los de ansiedad y depresión. El SV podría desempeñar un rol positivo en la intervención terapéutica en personas con trastorno mental. Proponerse y alcanzar metas vitales significativas es exitoso en el manejo de trastornos mentales e influencia positivamente el proceso terapéutico.

Keywords

meaning in life, Purpose-in-Life Test, diagnosis, mental disorder, psychopathologysentido de la vida, test de Purpose-in-Life, diagnóstico, trastorno mental, psicopatología

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Cómo citar
García-Alandete, J., Pérez Rodríguez, S., & Marco, J. H. . (2021). Diferencias en sentido de la vida en pacientes diagnosticados con trastorno mental. Universitas Psychologica, 20, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy20.dmlp
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