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Esteban Tulande-M http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7754-9518

Jose Ignacio Barrera-Cataño

Carlos Eduardo Alonso-Malaver http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4879-835X

Sofia Basto http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3214-8133

Carlos Morantes-Ariza

Abstract

In Andean high montane areas, the establishment of exotic tree forests changes the soil dynamics and its biodiversity. Soil macrofauna act as indicators of ecosystem successional processes, and may have an important role in ecological restoration processes after clear cutting exotic tree plantations. The aim of the present study was to understand how soil macrofaunal assemblies change in areas with different ages post clear cutting of Pinus patula, and to identify the soil physico-chemical variables that better explain these variations. The macrofauna in a high montane forest was evaluated along with that of three areas with different ages post clearcutting: 0, 2.5, and 5 years after clearcutting (Yac). The effect of soil physico chemical variables on macrofauna abundance was also evaluated. Macrofauna composition changed after clearcutting. Macrofauna abundance, richness, and diversity were lower in the 0 Yac area than in the other areas. Moreover, the macrofuna similarity to the reference forest did not increase with the years after clearcutting. This is due to the changes in soil characteristics, triggered by clearcutting. Slope, temperature, bulk density, real density, loam, pH, P, Na and K were the soil variales with a positive effect on the macrofauna abundance. These physico-chemical variables should be considered when designing restoration plans for Andean forest ecosystems. Moreover, Diplopoda, Coleoptera and Chilopoda might be useful to monitor and evaluate restoration processes after Pinus spp. clearcutting, because of their high abundance, diversity and relationship with environmental conditions.

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Keywords

soil macrofauna, Andes, montane forest, restoration ecology

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How to Cite
Tulande-M, E., Barrera-Cataño, J., Alonso-Malaver, C., Basto, S., & Morantes-Ariza, C. (2018). Soil macrofauna in areas with different ages after Pinus patula clearcutting. Universitas Scientiarum, 23(3), 383-417. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.SC23-3.smia
Section
Ecología & Conservación / Ecology & Conservation / Ecologia & Conservação
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