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Joan Josep Solaz Portolés

Vicent Sanjosé López

Resumen

Este artículo presenta una visión en conjunto de las investigaciones sobre la base de conocimientos y los procesos cognitivos implicados en la resolución de problemas, y cómo éstos afectan el desempeño de los estudiantes cuando resuelven los problemas. En la base de conocimientos se discute el conocimiento declarativo, el procedimental, el estratégico, el situacional y el esquemático. Entre los procesos cognitivos se habla del razonamiento formal, construcción de modelos mentales, transferencia de conocimientos y metacognición. A partir de todo ello, se sugiere una serie de medidas instruccionales que pueden tener aplicación en el aula de ciencias.

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Keywords

Procesos cognitivos, métodos de enseñanza, resolución de problemas, enseñanza de las ciencias

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Cómo citar
Solaz Portolés, J., & Sanjosé López, V. (2008). Conocimientos y procesos cognitivos en la resolución de problemas de ciencias: consecuencias para la enseñanza. Magis, Revista Internacional De Investigación En Educación, 1(1). Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.javeriana.edu.co/index.php/MAGIS/article/view/3361
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