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Silvia Barrientos Sánchez

Juliana Velosa Porras

Adriana Rodríguez Ciódaro

Resumen

Antecedentes: la infección por virus del herpes simple-1 se ha asociado con patologías locales, como el herpes labial, y sistémicas, como las enfermedades de transmisión sexual, que son un importante problema de salud pública mundial. El herpes labial recurrente es una patología incapacitante, de difícil control y fácil diseminación, cuya prevalencia variable está influenciada por factores demográficos de la población. Propósito: determinar la prevalencia de lesiones herpéticas labiales en población de 18 a 30 años de edad en Bogotá, Colombia. Métodos: se encuestaron 1572 personas de los 6 estratos socioeconómicos de Bogotá. En la encuesta se preguntó por la presencia de las lesiones, su frecuencia y los factores asociados con su aparición, así como el uso de sustancias para su manejo. Resultados: la prevalencia de lesiones herpéticas labiales fue del 38,7 %, en su mayoría una vez al año, sin que existan diferencias entre sexos. El 57,9 % de los sujetos que respondieron afirmativamente tenían entre 18 y 23 años. Los estratos 1 y 2 mostraron mayor prevalencia de lesiones labiales. El factor desencadenante más frecuentemente asociado fue la fiebre, seguido por el estrés. El 52,7 % refirió utilizar alguna sustancia para su tratamiento, siendo los antivirales tópicos los de mayor uso. Conclusión: la infección clínica labial por el virus herpes simple-1 se presenta en un alto porcentaje de la población, con mayor frecuencia en jóvenes de bajo nivel socioeconómico, por lo cual es importante establecer controles para evitar su diseminación y prevenir daños más severos en población de riesgo. Background: Herpes simplex virus-1 infection has been associated with local or systemic pathologies such as herpes labialis or sexually transmitted diseases, which are a major public health problem worldwide. Recurrent herpes labialis is a disabling, difficult to control, and of easy dissemination disease, whose variable prevalence is influenced by demographic factors of the population. Aim: To establish the prevalence of herpes labialis in a population of 18-30 years of age in Bogota, Colombia. Methods: 1572 people of the 6 socioeconomic strata of Bogotá were surveyed. This survey asked about the presence of lesions, frequency and factors associated with its appearance, and use of medications for its treatment. Results: The prevalence of herpes labialis lesions was 38.7%, mostly once a year, with no differences between genders. 57.9% of the subjects who responded affirmatively were between the ages of 18 and 23 years. Socioeconomic strata 1 and 2 showed higher prevalence of herpes labialis lesions. The triggering factor more frequently associated to the lesions was fever followed by stress. 52.7% reported the use of any given substance for the treatment of the lesions, being topical antiviral substances used the most. Conclusions: The clinical infection by herpes simplex virus-1 occurs in a high percentage of the population, most often among young people of lower socioeconomic level. It is important to establish controls to prevent dissemination and more severe damage in the population at risk.

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Keywords
References
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Cómo citar
Barrientos Sánchez, S., Velosa Porras, J., & Rodríguez Ciódaro, A. (2015). Prevalencia de herpes labial recurrente en población de 18 a 30 años de edad en Bogotá, Colombia / Prevalence of Recurrent Herpes Labialis in Population of 18-30 Years of Age in Bogota, Colombia. Universitas Odontologica, 33(71), 199-207. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.uo33-71.phlr
Sección
Salud Pública y Epidemiología Oral
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