Publicado sep 19, 2022



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Ricardo Ernesto Dueñas-Villamil

Silvia Rivera-Picado

Natalie G. Rosa-Ulloa

Juan Miguel Fernández-Gutiérrez

Eduardo Gazel-Gazel

Mónica Pérez-Barrantes

Adriana Rodríguez-Ciodaro

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Resumen

Antecedentes: La identificación de los factores de riesgo y posibles asociaciones biológicas y biomecánicas durante el desarrollo de la enfermedad perimplantar tienen como propósito contribuir a prevenir su ocurrencia. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de las enfermedades perimplantares y posibles asociaciones con potenciales factores de riesgo.  Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal retrospectivo en 75 pacientes con 318 implantes que se colocaron entre 2008 y 2015. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos y radiológicos requeridos para el diagnóstico de las enfermedades perimplantares a partir de la historia clínica y el examen físico en los pacientes que asistieron a control durante el tiempo de estudio. Resultados: La frecuencia total de las enfermedades perimplantares fue de 81,33 %. La frecuencia de mucositis perimplantar y perimplantitis fue del 74,7 % y 34,7 %, respectivamente. La frecuencia de mucositis perimplantar por implantes fue del 55,7 %, en tanto que la de perimplantitis por implantes fue del 20,7 %. La historia de enfermedad periodontal previa y actual y el tabaquismo parecen estar relacionados con la presencia de esta patología. Conclusiones: La frecuencia total de las enfermedades perimplantares fue de 81,33 % en los pacientes evaluados. La periodontitis como antecedente o enfermedad actual y la ausencia de una terapia de mantenimiento de apoyo parecen ser factores asociados al desarrollo y progreso de estas patologías.

Keywords

epidemiología, enfermedad perimplantar, enfermedad peri-implantar, factores de riesgo, implante dental, implantología, mucositis perimplantar, mucositis peri-implantar, odontología, perimplantitis, peri-implantitisdoença peri-implantar, epidemiologia, fatores de risco, implante dentário, implantologia, mucosite peri-implantar, odontologia, periimplantite, peri-implantitedental implant, dentistry, epidemiology, implantology, peri-implant disease, peri-implant mucositis, peri-implantitis, risk factors

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Cómo citar
Dueñas-Villamil, R. E., Rivera-Picado, S., Rosa-Ulloa, N. G., Fernández-Gutiérrez, J. M., Gazel-Gazel, E., Pérez-Barrantes, M., & Rodríguez-Ciodaro, A. (2022). Frecuencia de enfermedades perimplantares y sus factores asociados. Universitas Odontologica, 41. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.uo41.fpdf
Sección
Salud Pública y Epidemiología Oral