Publicado Jan 2, 2011



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Edward A. Cáceres-Méndez

Sergio M. Castro-Díaz

Carlos Gómez-Restrepo

Juan Carlos Puyuna

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Resumen

Introducción: En la actualidad las intervenciones en salud ya sean de tipo diagnóstico o terapéutico no son distribuidas equitativamente, por lo cual garantizar la prestación de servicios de salud representa un reto incesante para muchos programas en diferentes países; sin embargo, gracias a los avances tecnológicos en telecomunicación y procesos de imágenes, es ahora posible ofrecer varios servicios de salud a un mayor número de la población a distancia con un buen nivel de calidad; esto se define como telemedicina.

Método: A través de una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura médica en las bases de datos: Medline, ieeexplore, Scielo, por medio de las palabras mesh: Medical informatics, technology management, telemedicine, E-health, Latinoamérica, se buscó reconocer los datos relevantes con respecto a la historia, las aplicaciones actuales y futuras de la telemedicina.

Desarrollo: Después de seleccionar la mejor evidencia según los objetivos de esta revisión, se procedió a analizar la importancia de la historia, aplicaciones en especialidades de medicina, ventajas y desventajas, barreras que limiten el desarrollo, y experiencias de la telemedicina en Latinoamérica.

Conclusión: Actualmente el uso de la telemedicina avanza rápidamente y podría representar una buena alternativa para complementar en términos
de costo-efectividad a muchos de los programas de salud que se ven alrededor del mundo, ya que facilita la toma de decisiones terapéuticas y diagnósticas en diferentes escenarios clínicos y complementa la formación académica en las escuelas de medicina; sin embargo, aun existen barreras de infraestructura principalmente los altos costos de inicio e instalación, que deben ser tenidos en cuenta, en especial para los países en desarrollo.

Keywords

telemedicina, informática médica, educación a distancia, telemedicine, education distance, medical informatics,

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Cómo citar
Cáceres-Méndez, E. A., Castro-Díaz, S. M., Gómez-Restrepo, C., & Puyuna, J. C. (2011). Telemedicina: historia, aplicaciones y nuevas herramientas en el aprendizaje. Universitas Medica, 52(1), 11–35. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.umed52-1.than
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